Science Journal

 

The Journal of American Science

(J Am Sci)

ISSN 1545-1003

Volume 9, Special Issue 8 (Supplement Issue 8), August 25, 2013

Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, am0908s

Welcome to send your manuscript(s) to: americansciencej@gmail.com.

CONTENTS

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Titles / Authors

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1

Study of Health-promoting behaviors of male and female students. Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj 2012

 

Mohamd Taher Rezanejad1, Nazanin Ghafarian Shirazi2, Marziyeh Hosseini1, Mohammad Hossein Bahadornejad1, Hamid Reza Ghaffarian Shirazi1, 3*

 

1Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences. Yasuj, I. R. Iran

2PhD Student, English literature, Yerevan linguistic University von after Brusov, Yerevan.

3School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran, I. R. Iran.

*Corresponding Author: gshr3@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: this study was conducted with the purpose of studying health promoting behaviors in male and female students of Medical Sciences University in Yasouj, considering the importance of health promoting behaviors in students. Materials and methods: this study was implemented for a year on students of medical sciences university in Yasuj. Data were gathered using HPLP II questionnaire. Data were analyzed using SPSS software Ver.20 and descriptive statistics like mean, cumulative and absolute frequencies and inferential statistics chi-square considering α=0.05. Findings: total score of health promoting behaviors was desirable in 51.2% of students. In feed element students had the highest score (49.6%). Results showed significant relationship between variables faculty, major and education of father with health promoting behaviors. Conclusion: scores for half of students were desirable which seems that this is not suitable for students of medical sciences university which must promote healthy behaviors in society. Therefore, there is a need to required trainings and resolving barriers of health promoting behavior in students. Conclusion: Health promoting and maintain must be considered in all life stages and there should be attempts to guarantee health and longevity with suitable education. It seems that the score of health promoting behaviors in students of Yasuj University of Medical Sciences is lower than score obtained in similar studies. Therefore it is necessary that university authorities pay attention to it and provide facilities and resolve problems to create a healthy lifestyle between students which results in students who will promote healthy lifestyle.

[Mohamd Taher Rezanejad, Nazanin Ghafarian Shirazi, Marziyeh Hosseini, Mohammad Hossein Bahadornejad, Hamid Reza Ghaffarian Shirazi. Study of Health-promoting behaviors of male and female students. Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj 2012. J Am Sci 2013;9(8s):1-4]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 1

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.01

 

Keywords: promoting behavior, health, student, Yasuj.

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The study of effective factors on mutual cooperation between health personnel and clinical medical students in Yasuj Medical Sciences University

 

Hamid Reza Mohamadi 1, Marziyeh Hosseini1, Yasaman Ghafarian Shirazi 2, Mohamad Taher Rezanjad1, Hamid Reza Ghaffarian Shirazi1, 3*

 

1Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences. Yasuj, I. R. Iran

2PhD Student, English literature, Yerevan linguistic University von after Brusov, Yerevan, Armenia.

3School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran, I. R. Iran.

*Corresponding Author: gshr3@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: there are always problems in the process of treating patients and educating students resulting from unsuitable cooperation between medical personnel and clinical medical students in educational-medical hospitals which decrease quality of education and treatment with significant losses. This research was conducted with the purpose of determining mutual cooperation condition between personnel of educational-medical hospitals and students in Yasuj University of Medical Sciences. Materials and methods: in this descriptive-analytical study which was conducted in 2012, 115 medical personnel of Yasuj hospitals and 97 students of medical sciences university were studied as target population with two questionnaires. Reliability of questionnaires was determined with the opinion of experts and their validity was determined by a pre-test using half-split method with alpha Kronbach 0.83. Sampling was based on accessible sample based on purpose and data were analyzed with SPSS software and measures of central tendency and chi-square test. Findings: 69.1% of medical students and 74.5 of personnel considered mood as an important feature which influences their cooperation.75.93% of students and 53.2% of personnel believed that educational deputy of Yasuj hospitals plays no role in creating interaction between students and personnel. 89.2% of medical students believed that continuous training of medical personnel improves mutual cooperation. Discussion and Conclusion: temperament is the most important individual characteristics which influence mutual cooperation from students and personnel views. Education, age and recognition of personnel of educational nature of hospital had significant relationship with cooperation. Ethic and being native was effective in cooperation between personnel and students.

[Hamid Reza Mohamadi, Marziyeh Hosseini,Yasaman Ghafarian Shirazi , Mohamad Taher Rezanjad, Hamid Reza Ghaffarian Shirazi. The study of effective factors on mutual cooperation between health personnel and clinical medical students in Yasuj Medical Sciences University. J Am Sci 2013;9(8s):5-8]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 2

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.02

 

Keywords: medical education; mutual cooperation; medical personnel, students, clinical.

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The study of committing suicide and its related factors in a control case study

 

Marziyeh Hosseini 1, Reza Ghafarian Shirazi 1,2, Abasali Karimi1, Mohamad Taher Rezanejad1, Hamid Reza Ghafarian Shirazi3*

 

1Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences. Yasuj, I.R. Iran

2Department of Chemistry, University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland.

3School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Tehran, I. R. Iran.

*Corresponding Author: gshr3@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Suicide is one of the major social and mental health problems throughout the world. Suicide is the third cause of death in adolescents and seventh in youth's death. Regarding young population of country and increase in the suicide rate in recent years it is necessary to study suicide effective factors. This study aims to determine influence of effective factors on suicide in study area. Materials and methods: In this evidence-based case study all suicide committers were investigated who were randomly selected in each day of a weak during one year in emergency ward or hospitals of Yasuj and were consented to participate. 157 suicide and two subjects for each attempt were studied which were matched by gender and age as control. Chance and confidence interval 95% were estimated for effective factors in committing suicide. Suicide committing model was calculated and reported based on various factors using multivariate logistic regression and SPSS software. Findings: the widely used way for committing suicide was consuming drugs and self-immolation and the highest mortality was related to self-immolation. Suicide committing chance in individuals suffering from mental disorder, physical disorder, death of relatives, history of committing suicide, weakness in religious beliefs increases 12, 11.70, 10.75, 7.48 and 6.50 times, respectively. Discussion and conclusion: the most common cause of suicide as family struggles and emotional problems, so it is necessary to investigate and operate suitable and continuous solutions for prevention and care.

[Marziyeh Hosseini, Reza Ghafarian Shirazi, Abasali Karimi, Mohamad Taher Rezanejad, Hamid Reza Ghafarian Shirazi, The study of committing suicide and its related factors in a control case study. J Am Sci 2013; 9(8s):9-14]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 3

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.03

 

Keywords: suicide, death, Yasuj, case control study, Odd’s Ratio.

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Investigation of Intellectual Capital and Effective Factors on it in Agricultural Bank of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad Province

 

Enayat Mohamadpour1, 2, Rahim Ostovar 1,3*, Abdol Khalegh Gholami 1, Mosa Ramroudi 2, Syed Kamaluddin Hosseini 1,4, Yaghob Ansari2

 

1Azad Islamic University, Science and Research Center, Unit of Kohgyloye and Boyerahmad, Yasuj, I. R. Iran

2Agricultural bank of Kohgyloye and Boyerahmad Province, Yasuj, Iran.

3Yasuj University of Medical Sciences. Yasuj, I. R. Iran

4Bank Saderat Iran, Yasuj, I. R. Iran

*Corresponding Author: rahimostovar@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background and Objective: intellectual capital is a topic that is formed in the shadow of economic, social and managerial recent development, and its purpose is trying to use of knowledge effectively in management and upgrading and improving the organizations, and it has attracted much attention in today's environment. This study has been designed and implemented to evaluate intellectual capital and effective factors on it in Agricultural bank of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province. Materials and methods: This descriptive-analytic study has been performed as cross-sectional. Its statistical population included all employees, including managers, experts and other employees of the branches and centers of Agricultural Bank of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad province, and it is done in September 2012. 183 employees were participated in this project and completed the questionnaire. Collected and coded information was analyzed using SPSS, Ver. 17 software. Findings: Mean and standard deviation of amount of intellectual capital in Agricultural bank of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad province have been 49.3 (9.6), in gamut of human capital, they have been 49.3 (9.1), in gamut of costumer (relational) capital have been 49.8 (11.9) and in gamut of structural capital have been 48.3 (12.4). Age, job tenure and education have had significant relationship with amount of intellectual capital. In this study, other variables such as gender and management post have had no significant relationship with intellectual capital. Conclusion: These scores indicate the middle and low level of intellectual capital and its scopes in Agricultural bank of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad province and planning appropriately to upgrade and improve that is necessary.

[Enayat Mohamadpour, Rahim Ostovar, Abdol Khalegh Gholami, Mosa Ramroudi, Syed Kamaluddin Hosseini,Yaghob Ansari, Investigation of Intellectual Capital and Effective Factors on it in Agricultural Bank of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad Province. J Am Sci 2013;9(8s):15-18]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 4

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.04

 

Keywords: intellectual capital, effective factor, Agricultural bank, Iran.

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The Effects of Sin from the Viewpoint of Quran and Narratives

 

Dr. Mohammad Kazem Rahman Setayesh1 and Sedighe Nekooyi2

 

1- assistant professor of Qom University

2- PHD student of Islamic Scholasticism, Payame noor University, Tehran

 

 Abstract: Sin is an act with bad consequences. I.e. it would entangle the sinner and have its own effects, and repentance toward God is the only way to get rid of them. The present paper takes a quranic/narrative approach to investigate the sin and its effects. There are twenty explanations for sin in the Noble Quran, each of which refers to one of the contexts, effects or results of sin in this world and the life hereafter. Generally, sin is to enter territories which are forbidden by God and those who do so would suffer mind boredom, lack of understanding, forgetting their true personality, and receding from perfection. In this way, the one who gets used to committing sin (especially big ones), would gradually forget the God and lose his guidance and closeness and he would naturally get involved in spiritual metamorphosis and the consequences of straying from the path of human nature’s health. Non-acceptance of prayers, revocation of worships, deprivation from portion, disappointment, outbreak of disasters, life shortening, and decadence and annihilation of nations (if the sin spreads among them) are all among the worldly consequences of sins. In the other world, the sinner would be blind to god and his kindness as they express spiritual metamorphosis, and they would experience different otherworldly torments depending on each of their improper moral paradigms and behaviors.

[Mohammad Kazem Rahman Setayesh and Sedighe Nekooyi. The Effects of Sin from the Viewpoint of Quran and Narratives. J Am Sci 2013; 9(8s):19-25]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 5

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.05

 

Keywords: the effects of sin, sinner, worldly torments, otherworldly torments

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The Course of Islamic Mysticism and Sufism and Its Positive Effect on Islamic Civilization

 

Mahdi Eftekhar

 

assistant professor, Department of Islamic Culture, Semnan University of Medical Sciences – 09177216195 – em45sh@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Culture is to be known as an aspect of human life distinguishing human from animals, because it is human that develops a culture for oneself through environmental conditions, historical phenomena, absolute and relative ideals, his interpretation of the world, his position in history, and his efforts to coordinate fixed principles and varying events and he lives with this culture. Cultural phenomena may be categorized into three distinct domains: beliefs, tendencies, and behaviors. The characteristics of civilization may be summarized under following four titles: a) orderliness, b) dynamicity, c) universality, and d) cohesion. The reasons behind the blossoming of Islamic civilization may be divided into internal and external factors. The course of Sufism has affected both. 1- Internal factors: Rationality, comprehensiveness, instruction and propagation, placing importance on masses, promoting virtue and preventing vice, systematic activities, deducing facts from the Quran and hadith and dynamicity, generating thoughts and educating pious humans. 2- External factors: Accepting common points in other civilizations and aiming for peace instead of war.

[Mahdi Eftekhar. The Course of Islamic Mysticism and Sufism and Its Positive Effect on Islamic Civilization. J Am Sci 2013; 9(8s):26-34]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 6

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.06

 

Keywords: Islamic civilization, Sufism, Islam

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The study of the relationship between working capital management and earnings management of listed companies in Tehran stock Exchange.

 

Sayed Ali miri1, Sead Ali Vaez Ph.D2, kambiz Ahmadi angali Ph.D.3

 

1 Master of Accounting, Persian Gulf International Educational Branch-Islamic Azad university-Khorramshahr-Iran

2. Assistant Professor of Accounting, Persian Gulf International Educational Branch, Shahid chamran University, Ahvaz, Iran

3. Assistant Professor of bio statistics, Persian Gulf International Educational Branch,bio statistics department health faculty ahvaz jundishapur university of medical sciences, ahvaz, Iran

Corresponding Author: Sayed ali miri

 

Abstract: Working capital management included the manage assets and current liabilities and also manages earnings include the discretionary Accruals management and real items. This study investigated the relationship between working capital management and section discretionary accruals earnings. The data collected in this study taken the Financial statement of 341 companies in Tehran stock Exchange for the Period 1381 to 1388. The results study showed a significant and Positive correlation working capital and current assets with earnings management (discretionary accruals) and also a signify count. Inverse relationship current liabilities and earnings management (discretionary accruals).

[Sayed Ali miri, Sead Ali Vaez, kambiz Ahmadi angali. The study of the relationship between working capital management and earnings management of listed companies in Tehran stock Exchange. J Am Sci 2013;9(8s):35-43]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 7

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.07

 

Keywords: working capital management, current assets, current liabilities, earnings management, discretionary accruals

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Analysis of Horofieh’s View on Monotheism

 

Dr Alireza Jalali1 and Atefeh Bank2

 

1- Email: alireza_jalali26@yahoo.com, Phone Number: 09133270885

2- PHD student, Payame noor University, Tehran; Email: a.b49ph@yahoo.com, Phone Number: 09128238962

 

Abstract: Monotheism and unity are among the most important debated topics in mysticism. Hence, monotheism is one of the key concepts of theoretical mysticism. In the history of Islamic mysticism every mystic talks about their own understanding of the notion of divine unity. Khwaja Abdullah Ansari talks about unity in his discussions of the ultimate (Nahayat). Attar also introduces unity as the fifth valley of spirituality in his book Mantiq-ut-Tayr and introduces deprivation and perdition as the seventh (or the last) valley. Perdition comes at the end of the first journey of the four spiritual journeys. At this point, the devotee (sufferer) finds God in himself and everywhere else. Perception of unity in the path to understanding pragmatic mysticism leads to realization of unity in theoretical mysticism. This paper is focused on the Horofieh’s account of perception of unity and its analysis of monotheism. According to the poems and reports by Fazlallah Horofie and his disciple, Nasimi, reaching the level of perdition can be understood. However, on account of some of the interpretations some have ascribed the belief in the godhood of man or Fazlallah to Horofieh. In addition, according to the rules of Horofieh, monotheism is expressed by calculating the numerical values of Abjad letters.

[Alireza Jalali and Atefeh Bank. Analysis of Horofieh’s View on Monotheism. J Am Sci 2013;9(8s):44-52]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 8

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.08

 

Keywords: Horofieh, Monotheism, Unity of perception, Calculation of Abjad letters.

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Providing optimal condition for more limitation to objective function in water reservoirs

 

Banafsheh Norouzi

 

Department of Civil Engineering, Lamee Gorgani High Education Institute, Gorgan, Iran

 

Abstract: Considering the importance of optimization issue and its effective role in increasing the efficiency of the systems, the recognition of the priority of optimization of various parameters and its effect on the percent of optimized operation in various conditions is of great importance. In this paper, a double-reservoir system was evaluated and in three cases, various components of it was optimized by multi-population genetic algorithm method and in case 1, by fixing the fulfilled demands, the reservoir capacity and in case 2 by fixing the assumed values of reservoir capacity, their demands are optimized then practical rules and the practical rules of two dams were optimized. Finally, after the investigation of each case, the charts and tables were drawn and by case comparison of each of them, the best case was evaluated and in parameter selection conditions, the ideal case was identified. In the investigation of the current paper, the results of the calculations showed that case 2 was with close percent to the optimized objective function.

[Banafsheh Norouzi. Providing optimal condition for more limitation to objective function in water reservoirs. J Am Sci 2013;9(8s):53-57]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 9

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.09

 

Keywords: water reservoirs, optimization

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The structure of Parliament in Iran, Tajikistan and Russian Confederation “A Comparative outlook”

 

Ali Akbar Ismaeili

 

School of Law, PhD Student of Public Law, Chief Executive Manager in Elmi Karbordi University of Justice Branch, Golestan, Iran, Tel: +98 1712224391; Email: Aliakbarismaeili513@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The structure of parliament in different countries is formed based on the constitution and the beliefs of society. In the theoretical foundations of the governments, there are harmony and cooperation among the predominant powers. The political systems in the world have established a balance among the powers by accepting mixed political systems. So the legislative power has a special position in administering the internal system. Countries with mixed systems have special and common characteristics in administering the internal society. For codification of the law in political systems, parliament would be held in one-chamber or two-chamber form. In countries with a single parliament, after the Act there is no other authority to comment, so after president’s confirmation, the Act will be passed on to the cabinet for publication. However in countries with several parliaments or another authority other than parliament for ratification, the Act is passed on to the second authority (second parliament) for the final approval. The majority of the delegates are appointed and they more dependent on the regime. What will be studied are: in countries studied how the parliament has been formed structurally and what is the order for the ratification of the law, and what conditions have been predicted for those being elected and those who elect. In other words what are the conditions for codification of the law in these countries and what rights and immunities do the parliamentarians have, and how are their authority and qualification. Studies have shown that difference in the authority and position of the parliament is rooted in the theoretical foundations of the governments. Constitution has determined parliament as the authority for codification of the law. What are the advantages of the parliament in codification of the law? If the Acts of parliament (first parliament) is not approved by the second parliament what are its bearings on parliament?

[Ali Akbar Ismaeili. The structure of Parliament in Iran, Tajikistan and Russian Confederation “A Comparative outlook”. J Am Sci 2013;9(8s):58-66]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 10

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.10

 

Keywords: Parliament-Constitution-Immunities-Chamber-Position-Structure-Parlimantarians

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Challenges and open problems in Security of cognitive wireless sensor networks.

 

Erfan Arzhmand

 

Bs in Hardware Shomal University-Mazandaran-Iran

erfanarj@gmail.com

 

Abstract: A cognitive wireless sensor network (CWSN) is an emerging technology with great potential to avoid traditional wireless problems such as reliability. One of the major challenges CWSNs face today is security. A CWSN is a special network which has many constraints compared to a traditional wireless network and many different features compared to a traditional wireless sensor network. While security challenges have been widely tackled in traditional networks, this is a novel area in CWSNs. This article discusses a wide variety of attacks on CWSNs, their taxonomy and different security measures available to handle the attacks. Also, future challenges to be faced are proposed

[Erfan Arzhmand. Challenges and open problems in Security of cognitive wireless sensor networks. J Am Sci 2013;9(8s):67-73]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 11

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.11

 

Keywords: cognitive, security, wireless sensor networks, CWSN, Zigbee

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Relationship between organizational culture and organizational rumors from the viewpoint ofKhoy’s primary schools teachers in 2011-2012

 

1Rogayyeh Farajzadeh, 2Jafar Ghahramani, 2Akbar SoleymanNezhad

1. MA student, Department of Educational Management, Marand branch, Islamic Azad university, Marand, Iran

2. Phd, Department of Educational Management, Marand branch, Islamic Azad university, Marand, Iran

 

Abstract: The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between organizational culture and organizational rumor teachers in primary schools from the perspective of Khoy is based on 92-91 school year. The research method is a correlation. A survey of all primary school teachers in the school year 2011-2012 disposition form and a sample of 254 individuals were selected using Morgan. For data collection, Denison organizational culture questionnaire and a questionnaire was used to measure organizational rumor. Questionnaire to ensure organizational experts in the field and confirmed rumors that the Cronbach alpha reliability of 0.735 as approved. Analysis of the data using descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation and variance) and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation and stepwise regression) was used. Data were analyzed using spss software showed a significant negative relationship between organizational culture and organizational rumor there. The dimensions of organizational culture, conflict at work, consistent with the mission and organizational rumor that there is a negative relationship. There was no significant relationship between organizational adaptability and rumors. The regression analysis of all components of organizational culture (serial adaptability), with a significant percentage, rumors, organizational changes can explain.

[Rogayyeh Farajzadeh, Jafar Ghahramani, Akbar Soleyman Nezhad. Relationship between organizational culture and organizational rumors from the viewpoint ofKhoy’s primary schools teachers in 2011-2012. J Am Sci 2013;9(8s):74-80]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 12

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.12

 

Keyword: Rumor, Organizational Culture, Teachers, Khoy

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Determining Relationship between Power Styles of Futsal Super League with Function of their Team

 

1Yashar Motallebzadeh, 2Seyyed Ahmad Tabaian, 3Fariba Asgarian

 

1,2. Department of Physical Education, Mobarakeh Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mobarakeh, Iran

3. Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Tabriz University, Tabriz, Iran

 

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to find out the relationship between the methods of coaches Power styles (according to coaches’ and athletes’ opinions); and the performance of their team in Futsal league. This study is descriptive - correlation and field as well. Statistical community, including all the coaches and players is Futsal teams in the Premier League Futsal League players and 14 coaches and 168 entire participate in this study. The data gathered is standardized questionnaire to determine leadership and management training the questionnaire used to influence players' coach has been compiled from a variety of sources. The questionnaire, including 21 two-row is a question of leadership and management style coach measures 7. Data using descriptive statistics (frequency, mean and SD) and were analyzed using SPSS version 20. Klomogrof – Smirnof test for the normal distribution of data and analytical data of using Spearman correlation coefficient was used. The mean power modes from the perspective of coaches, athletes and coaches in order of preference are: Power based on expertise, information, rewards, referral, legitimacy, relation and punishment. The results also show that there is a significant positively between the methods based on power, specialty referral and reward with team performance and significantly negative relation between modes of information-based with power legitimacy, relation and punishment.

[Yashar Motallebzadeh, Seyyed Ahmad Tabaian, Fariba Asgarian. Determining Relationship between Power Styles of Futsal Super League with Function of their Team. J Am Sci 2013;9(8s):81-89]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 13

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.13

 

Keywords: power, team performance, coach, athletic

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Clinical And Radiographical Evaluation Of Osseointegration Around Immediate Endosseous Implant Using Fresh-frozen Bone Allograft

 

Yasser Mohammed El-Makaky

 

Lecturer of Oral medicine, Periodontology, Oral Diagnosis & Radiology Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Tanta University, Egypt

Corresponding Author: yassermakaky@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background: This study aimed to evaluate osseointegration clinically and radiographically around dental implants placed into fresh extraction sockets with Fresh-frozen bone allograft. Methods: A clinical trial was carried out on thirty fresh extraction sockets in15 males and 12 females patients with age range from 23 to 45 years, sockets implanted with immediate endosseous implant and grafted with Fresh-frozen bone allograft. Clinical parameters (modified Plaque Index, Modified sulcus bleeding index and attachment level) were recorded at 3, 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Implant stability was measured by Perio-test immediately post-implantation and after 12 months. Radiographic evaluation was done at baseline and 12 months post-surgery. Results: The results demonstrated that none of the implants failed to integrate and all patients showed favorable clinical and radiographic findings at the 1-year follow-up examination. Comparison of modified Plaque Index, modified sulcus bleeding index, and attachment level at different periods of follow up was not found statistically significant. Radiographic analysis revealed that there was not statistically significant differences in the linear distance from the implant shoulder to the first visible alveolar bone contact (DIB) at all follow up periods. Periotest evaluation showed that all implants were well osseointegrated and stable. Conclusion: Fresh-frozen bone allograft can be used successfully to improve osseointegration around dental implants in fresh extraction sockets.

Yasser Mohammed El-Makaky. Clinical And Radiographical Evaluation Of Osseointegration Around Immediate Endosseous Implant Using Fresh-frozen Bone Allograft. J Am Sci 2013;9(8s):90-97]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 14

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.14

 

Key words: Fresh-frozen bone allograft, dental implants, fresh extraction sockets, Periotest.

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Effects of Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs on Flexor Tendon Rehabilitation after Laceration Repair

 

Ali Reza Rouhani1, Hamid Barzgar2, Ehsan Ghavidel3, Ali Tabrizi3

 

1. Associated professor of Orthopedics surgery, Department of Orthopedics Surgery, Shohada Educational Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

2. Assistant professor of Orthopedics surgery, Department of Orthopedics Surgery, Shohada Educational Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

3. Resident of Orthopedics surgery. Department of Orthopedics Surgery, Shohada Educational Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of medical sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

*_Corresponding author: Ehsan Ghavidel (ghavidelehsan@yahoo.com)

 

Abstract: Introduction: Peritendinous adhesions after repair of an injury to the digital flexor tendons are a major problem in hand surgery. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug therapy may affect tendon healing and the development of peritendinous adhesions. Aim of this study evaluation of Ibuprofen effect in patients function after flexor tendon surgical repair. Methods: In Clinical trail study, 35 patients with sharp laceration in zone 2 underwent flexor tendon repair were evaluated. These patients were randomly divided in two groups and matched with together according to sex, age and size of laceration. Patients in control group were received placebo in same shape and size. In interventional groups patients were received Ibuprofen with high dose (2400mg per day). Results: Measurement of range of motion in involved finger joint in two time of follow up were significant difference between two group (p=0.04). There was no complication. The nerve damage along the flexor tendons groups was similar. Conclusion: Our findings reveal that Ibuprofen with anti- inflammatory dose was effective in improving range of motion of involved finger joints after flexor tendon injury.

[Rouhani AR, Barzgar H, Ghavidel E, Tabrizi A. Effects of Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs on Flexor Tendon Rehabilitation after Laceration Repair. J Am Sci 2013;9(8s):98-100]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 15

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.15

 

Keywords: Flexor Tendon, Adhesions, Non-steroidal anti- inflammatory drug

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New Finding of Tertiary Bisaccate Pollen of Gorgan's Shcists (Precambrian –Upper Paleozoic) Northeast of Iran, the First Report

 

Salman Velayati Ph.D.

 

Department of water engineering, Pardis of Aburyhan, Tehran university, Tehran, Iran

Velayati_salman@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Some Bisaccate Pollens are found during palynologycal investigation on Gorgan's low grade metamorphic rocks which were called Gorgan's Schists by Gansser, 1951 for the first time. All of them resemble to Bisaccate pollens that are reported from the rest of the world. A few of them couldn't be identified due to the lack of references so they are described and presented as SP. ones. 250 samples collected from Slate, Pyrite, Calaphylite and Calcschists in three geological cross sections on Gorgan's low grade metamorphic rocks. Angiosperm pollens, Pteridophyte spores, Fungal spores and fruit body finally Hypoxylonites are paper many Bisaccate pollen are presented. It must be mentioned that by tectonic mixing and metamorphism it is not possible to introduce a scheme of palynological biozone and correlation. The well preserved palynomorphs that could endure low temperature not quite in accordance with Travere's A. 1988 (page 34) point of view are useful for determination of this metamorphic rock unit.

[Salman Velayati. New Finding of Tertiary Bisaccate Pollen of Gorgan’s Shcists (Precambrian –Upper Paleozoic) Northeast of Iran, the First Report. J Am Sci 2013;9(8s):101-109]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 16

doi:10.7537/marsjas0908s13.16

 

Keywords: Gorgan's Schists, Metamorphic, Bisaccate, Olistostrome, Angiosperm, Gymenosperm, Pteridophyte, Olistolite.

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