Science Journal

 

The Journal of American Science

(J Am Sci)

ISSN 1545-1003

Volume 9, Special Issue 11 (Supplement Issue 11), November 25, 2013

Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, am0911s

 

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CONTENTS

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Titles / Authors

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1

Migration of Legacy Systems to Web Applications – A Novel Approach

 

Khansa Aatif, Saima Farhan

 

Deapartment of Computer Science, Lahore College for Women University, Lahore, Pakistan

khansakamran@hotmail.com, saifar79@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: Migration of legacy systems to the web applications is the need in the future of software industry. The main idea is to develop a web application either by replacing the existing legacy system or only connecting to legacy system/components. Legacy applications are migrating towards Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) and rich internet applications. Legacy systems are based on old technology and methods, running on old platform that continues to be used, because it performs important, day to day business functions of the company. Our research would be focused on the analysis of two widely used approaches, Wrapping and Re-engineering and a method is presented which is the integration of these two approaches. Firstly legacy systems will be decomposed into components then both reengineering and wrapping techniques are applied on these components. The scope of this paper also covers the benefits accomplished from our approach. The main objective of our proposed technique is to minimize the problems involved using any one of both methods. We have applied our technique on a real life legacy system which provides an assessment of its practicality and pragmatism.

[Khansa Aatif, Saima Farhan. Migration of Legacy Systems to Web Applications – A Novel Approach. J Am Sci 2013;9(11s):1-7]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 1

doi:10.7537/marsjas0911s13.01

 

Keywords: Legacy Systems; Wrapping; Reengineering; Migration; Internet migration; Web integration

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Effect of Calcium -Vitamin D and Alendronate on serum Dickkopf-1(Dkk-1) and Osteoprotegerin(OPG) in women with osteoporosis

 

Mehrzad Hajialilo1, Amir Ghorbani Haghjo2, Bahareh Amanifar1, Vahid Rameshk Nia2, Alireza Khabbazi1, Susan Kolahi1, Mohammad Reza Jafari Nakhjavini1

 

1- Internal medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

2- Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

*_Corresponding author: Mehrzad Hajialilo (hajialilo@gmail.com)

 

Abstract: Introduction: The early diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis is one of the priorities of medical sciences and so many complications can be prevent with early diagnosis of this disease. There are several markers characterized for bone formation and re absorption but none of these markers has direct relation with bone density. Methods and Materials: In a before after clinical trial, we enrolled 36 patients with osteoporosis and 36 healthy subjects in the form of two case and control groups and the efficacy of osteoporosis standard treatment protocol was assessed on Dkk-1 and OPG serum levels. The results were assessed with measuring the markers serum levels before and after the treatment. Results: The overall mean age of subjects was 60.26.8 years in the range of 40 to 68 years. The mean DKK-1 levels in patients, before the therapy was 3.011.27 which changed to 3.031.24 nano grams/ml after the treatment with no significant difference (P=0.92). However, the difference between the groups was meaningful (P<0.0001).The OPG levels, before the treatment was 4.441.12 which has changed to 4.42 1.10 nano grams/ml, the difference was not statistically different (P=0.74). Despite Dkk-1, the difference in serum OPG levels was not significant before the treatment (P=0.36). Conclusion: The Dkk-1 serum levels in osteoporotic patients were higher comparing to healthy subjects, but we can conclude that osteoporosis standard treatment has no significant effect on decreasing the Dkk-1 levels and increasing the OPG levels. Therefore, more multi central studies with more number of cases is necessary.

[Hajialilo M, Ghorbani Haghjo A, Amanifar B, Rameshk Nia V, Khabbazi A, Kolahi S, Jafari Nakhjavini MR. Effect of Calcium -Vitamin D and Alendronate on serum Dickkopf-1(Dkk-1) and Osteoprotegerin(OPG) in women with osteoporosis. J Am Sci 2013;9(11s):8-12]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 2

doi:10.7537/marsjas0911s13.02

 

Keywords: Alendronate, Osteoporosis, Dikkopf-1, Osteoprotegrin

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The Impact Of Peer Groups On The Academic Achievements Of Secondary School Students

 

Sajjad Hussain, Riasat Ali, Amir Zaman, Abdul Ghaffar, Syed M. Aamir, Maksal Minaz

 

Department of Education Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan.

Sajjadhussain1543@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The study investigated the impact of peer groups on the academic achivement of secondary school students. All Government Secondary School of District Mardan constituted population of the study. Through a self-developed questionnaire, data were collected from three secondary school students and was analyzed on simple percentage, Co-relation and Linear Regression. The study demonstrated that educational decisions including school selection and subject selection were strongly affected by members of peer groups, it was therefore recommended that students’ should care in making decision regarding peer groups and educational decisions. [Sajjad H, Riasat A, Amir Z, Abdul G., Aamir, S.A., Minhas M. The Impact of Peer Groups on The Academic Achivements of Secondary School Students. J Am Sci 2013;9(11s):13-16]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 3

doi:10.7537/marsjas0911s13.03

 

Key words: Peer Groups, educational decisions, academic achievement

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Phakic posterior chamber intraocular collamer lenses in keratoconus Running title: Phakic posterior chamber intraocular collamer lenses

 

Afshin Lotfi Sadigh1, Mohamad Reza Niyousha1, Abdollah Shenasi1, Sina Zarrintan2,Farzad Hami Adl3

 

1- Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

2- Department of Surgery, Faculty of medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

3- General Physician, Faculty of medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

*_Corresponding author: Mohamad Reza Niyousha (mreza63neusha@gmail.com)

 

Abstract: AIM: To assess efficacy and safety of phakic posterior chamber intraocular lenses in patients with keratoconus. METHODS: In this prospective case series 15 eyes of 9 patients diagnosed with Keratoconus underwent implantation of phakic posterior chamber intraocular lenses. Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best spectacle corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), and refractive error of patients before and 12 months after operation were compared. Efficacy index and safety index were measured at 12 months post operation. RESULTS: The mean refractive error of patients before and after operation was (-11.382.08)D and (-0.90.93)D, respectively. The mean UCVA improved from (1.01.20) Logmar to (0.150.56) Logmar 12 months after operation. The mean BSCVA before operation was (0.400.17) Logmar that improved to (0.050.03) Logmar postoperatively. Safety index and efficacy index at 12 months were 2.10 and 1.68, respectively. CONCLUSION: Phakic posterior chamber intraocular lenses can considerably improve UCVA and BSCVA of patients with keratoconus. It is a safe and effective procedure in selected patients with stable keratoconus.

Lotfi Sadigh A, Niyousha MR, Shenasi A, Zarrintan S, Hami Adl F. Phakic posterior chamber intraocular collamer lenses in keratoconus Running title: Phakic posterior chamber intraocular collamer lenses. J Am Sci 2013;9(11s):17-22]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 4

doi:10.7537/marsjas0911s13.04

 

Keywords: Keratoconus; Phakic Posterior Chamber Intraocular Lenses; Collamer Lenses

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The impacts of sport tourism development in Kish Island

 

1Hamid Ahmadi, 2Mohamad Reza Moeenfard, 3Seyed Ahmad Tabaeeban

 

1.Department of Physical Education, Mobarakeh branch, Islamic Azad University, Mobarakeh, Iran

2.Phd, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran

3.Phd, Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Esfahan University, Esfahan, Iran

 

Abstract: The main aim of the present study is to evaluate the impacts of sport tourism development in Island Kish in terms of tourism managers and experts’ viewpoints. The research methodology of the research is of descriptive study regarding to theme-seeking and scale-based one and the statistical community of the research is consisted of 82 experts and top managers in both sport and tourism in Kish Island that they have enough information about the sport tourism field. In order to analysis the data, Friedman test for ranking and Willcoxon test for assessing the mean rankings significant difference were applied efficiently in this regard. based on the results of the research, in terms of respondents’ perspective in economical impacts, the quantity and quality development of dwelling infrastructures such as hotels, restaurants, increasing the occupational affairs in Kish Island, optimizing the number of sport tourists in relation to the impacts of the sport and health, development of aquatic and seaside recreational centers, upgrading the motivation of sport and sport recreational issues and boosting the psychiatric and physical health level, development of hospitality culture and acceptance of tourist from the hostess community and welcoming merrily the whole guests, expanding personal privacy and tourists social affairs domestically and foreign people and increasing their satisfaction and trust and making happy times in the Island and enriching people’s leisure times in the Island, increasing the population of the Island, increasing the air contamination and sound pollution of the Island, recovery of the quantity and quality status of the sea sides have been devoted the high equal means in this regard. Based on Huynh-Feldt statistics, it is specified that the impact of sport development is not equal on four dimensions in this case. Its impact is equal in sport and health and environmental dimensions and the most common impacts are subjected to the cultural and social affairs. In economical dimension, its impact does not have significant difference with other dimensions.

[Ahmadi H, Moeenfard MR, Tabaeeban SA. The impacts of sport tourism development in Kish Island. J Am Sci 2013;9(11s):23-29]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 5

doi:10.7537/marsjas0911s13.05

 

Key words: Sport tourism, impacts, Kish, development.

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The role Knowledge by presence in Sadra epistemology

 

Zabihollah Owhadi

 

Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, International Campus, Mashhad, Iran.

Science63@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Knowledge by presence is one of the most discussed topics in the epistemology. Unlike the conceptual science, the philosophers hadn’t enough attention to the Knowledge by presence. In this article we're going to answer to this question that, whether Knowledge by presence can be helpful for people to get the truth or not helpful. the man was always looking for an easier way to unlock the truth, although access to the Knowledge by presence is a difficult way and it seems that it has more hazards than conceptual science but the revelation knowledge in this science is clearly far from wrong and it makes easy to understanding the truth, only by removing the obstacles from your eyes, you can immediately access to this knowledge. As long as people are born based on the talent that God gave to them, have insights and beliefs about themselves and their surroundings, This awareness is in the areas of Knowledge by presence not conceptual science, because conceptual sciences are adventitious and may be associated with the error this sciences must be discovered over the time but at the moment of creation, God gives Knowledge by presence to every creature. In this article we are going to define the conceptual science and Knowledge by presence and then we examined their various types and prove authenticity of the Knowledge by presence.

[Zabihollah Owhadi. The role Knowledge by presence in Sadra epistemology. J Am Sci 2013;9(11s):30-33]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 6

doi:10.7537/marsjas0911s13.06

 

Key word: conceptual science, Knowledge by presence, epistemology, sadra.

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Comparison of left ventricle segments contraction pattern by 3dimentional speckle tracking echocardiography in Right ventricular apical pacing with Right ventricular septal pacing

 

Hassan Djavadzadehgan, Mehrnoosh Toufan Tabrizi, Kamran Mohammadi

 

Cardiology Department, Shahid Madani Hospital, Faculty of medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

*_Corresponding author: Kamran Mohammadi (kamran.mohammadi2@gmail.com)

 

Abstract: Background: Right ventricular (RV) pacing alters left ventricular (LV) mechanical activation, resulting in adverse impacts on LV function. This study was aimed to investigate the acute effect of RV apical (RVA) and septal pacing (RVS) on LV function using speckle-tracking echocardiography. Methods and Results: The 60 patients (749 years) with symptomatic bradyarrhythmia and preserved LV ejection fraction, were studied. All patients received a permanent pacemaker and were randomly assigned into two groups (RVA: n=30, RVS: n=30). After insertion, patients underwent an echocardiographic study during RV pacing. LV global strain parameters were analyzed using speckle tracking echocardiography. The GLS in RVA were the lowest among the 2 groups (GLS: Normal: –20.62.6%, RVA: –12.05.9%, P<0.001 vs. control, RVS: –17.763.32%, P<0.01 vs. RVA). Conclusions: RVA created heterogeneous LV contraction, which resulted in deteriorated LV longitudinal contraction. RVS could be a better pacing alternative in terms of less LV dyssynchrony and better longitudinal function compared to RVA.

[Djavadzadehgan H, Toufan Tabrizi M, Mohammadi K. Comparison of left ventricle segments contraction pattern by 3dimentional speckle tracking echocardiography in Right ventricular apical pacing with Right ventricular septal pacing. J Am Sci 2013;9(11s):34-37]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 7

doi:10.7537/marsjas0911s13.07

 

Keywords: Dyssynchrony; Global longitudinal strain; Pacing; Speckle tracking echocardiography.

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A Study of Derivational Morphemes in Lari & Tati as Two Endangered Iranian Languages: An Analytical-Contrastive Examination with Persian

 

Neda Taherkhani1, Muhammed Ourang2

 

1. M.A. in Applied Linguistics, Foreign Languages Department, Faculty of Humanities, Kharazmi (Tarbiat Moallem) University, Tehran, Iran

2. M.A. in Linguistics (TPSOL), Department of Linguistics, Shahid Beheshti University,Tehran, Iran

taherkhani.neda@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The present study is aimed at studying the derivational bound morphemes in two endangered languages in Iran, namely Lari and Tati. The class of morphemes under investigation is bound morphemes belonging to a close class of suffixes within the language that changes the grammatical category of the root to which it is attached and represents various word categories like noun, adjective and adverb. By carrying out this study in a descriptive-contrastive analysis framework, it would be possible to identify the unique features of the derivational morphemes in Lari and Tati and compare them with those in Persian. Hence, the features of the derivational dialectal morphemes in Lari and Tati would be followed by their structural analyses the importance of which, inter alia, lies in the necessity of registering dialectal patterns. The gathered data, demonstrated via tables, illustrate a triple categorical division of (1) natural (or real) derivations(Those meaningless affixes in the form of bound morphemes which are attached to the root and form different categories) along with the dialectal conjugation verb patterns in a dichotomous fashion of the major form categories (2) pseudo-verbal derivations(The verbal derivations with independent meanings which are attached to the roots and form complex nouns or adjectives) and finally (3) pseudo-nominal derivations (The nominal morphemes with independent meanings which are attached to the roots and form complex nouns).The findings demonstrated the uniqueness of the derivational patterns of Lari and Tati according to their natural, verbal and nominal identical patterns. Moreover, it was revealed that different kinds of derivational morphemes would be employed in Lari and Tati compared to those in Persian. Although there are common features among these three languages, Lari and Tati benefit from some unique characteristics of their derivational morphemes.

[Taherkhani N, Ourang M. A Study of Derivational Morphemes in Lari & Tati as Two Endangered Iranian Languages: An Analytical-Contrastive Examination with Persian. J Am Sci 2013; 9 (11s):38-45]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 8

doi:10.7537/marsjas0911s13.08

 

Keywords: Lari language, Tati language, Derivational morpheme, Contrastive analysis method

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The Role of Molana Yaghoob Charcki In The Cevelopment of Persianliteratuer and Language Search and Authorship:

 

Nader Karimian Sardashti, Ali Ahmadalizadeh

 

The Faculty of Tourism, Handicraft, Cultural Heritage of Search in statute, Tehran, Iran

Research Organization and Curriculum Development, Ministry of Education, Tehran, Iran

NK_sardashti@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Iran,s Literature History, and Also Language and Persian Literature on Its Path of own Evolution, Has Passed of Several Stages. This Scientific and Cultural movement at Global Literature Level in Iran and Islamic Worl, Majority of it Has Begun With Sufism,s Literature, Which in the next centuries could Display the most Brilliant cultural aspects of Persian and Iranian Literature. After forming sufi order and Mysticism, Which are the famous dynasty, Sufism,s Literature in Persian language found an especial place. Since, The Grand and Famous danstyes of world Sufism and mysticism like “Sohrevardieh”, “Kebroieh”, “Ghaderieh”, “Naghsbandieh”, “Molavieh”, “Cheshtieh”, “Norbakhshieh”, “Zahabieh”, and “Nematholahieh” are Established in culturl Iran, or Their founders and Remarkable Characters have been Iranian and Persian language, After a few centuries of Islamic civilization and Sufism,s exaltation by persons as “Bayazid”, “Bastami”, “Abolhassan kharghant”, “Abosaied Abolkhier”, “Abolghasem ghashiri”, “Khajeh abdollah ansari”, “Aboleshagh kazerony”, and “Ahmad Jam”, “Sanaie”, “Atar”, “Emam Ghazali”, “Shiekh Ahmad Gazali”, “Einol Ghozat Hamedani”, and “Sohrevards” in Mavarolnahr and “Bokhara” Territory and “Samar Ghand”, the “Naghshbandieh” Movement Became Advent. Its Leadership was undertaking of “Khajeh Bahaeldin Naghshband”, Who was Responsible of collating and bond the “Shariah” (Religious law) and Sufism (The path of truth), and after him his followers and evotees tried a lot in developing, stabilization, and extending of this way, Till in most of parts of middle east, asia minor, kordestan, india and Pakistan, afghanestan, iran, sham, and Iraq has found a lot of followers. One of his most brilliant devotees is “Hazrat Molana Yaghoob Charkhi (Dead 851 A.H), Who, Has been not only ove of the chief (mashaiekh) of Naghshbandieh in mavarolnahr, That has been the coliph (King) and Successor and the leder of this dynasty, but Also, he is consider of the most famous proprgators in Sufism,s Literature. He has had and written a lot of books, which, most of them but less are in Persian language, and his scifntific character also in this view is appeared. He wrote the “Qur,An,s interpretation” in Persian language, and the scientific importance of his personality also in this way is appeared. His qur,an,s interpretation printed in several edition has prentedr as: “Abdalieh Thesis”, “Horaieh Thesis”, “Ensieh Thesis”, “Sharh Asma” Alhosna, “Alsier fi solok Thesis”, “Faraiz Thesis”, “Naieh Thesis” (Nay nameh), and “Asame Almashalekh Alkram” in Different countries. The way of writing in Persian on Sufism naghshbandieh, After molana yachoob charkha intensely flourished, till, Tens Dexplanation about “Ghosoc olhakam e8n Arabi”, Translated in to Persian language by mshayiek Naghshbandi. In this paper has Tried to besides in troouce the personality, Biography, Works and his Persian Authorships, and the impacts of his Writing – Persian on the next centuries has been shown, and also we could consider him as a Propagator of Literature and Persian language in mavarolnahr and large khorasan.

[Nader Karimian sardashti, Ali Ahmadalizadeh. The role of Molana Yaghoob Charcki In The Cevelopment of Persianliteratuer and Language Search and Authorship. J Am Sci 2013;9(11s):46-52]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 9

doi:10.7537/marsjas0911s13.09

 

Keywords: Sufism literature, Molana charkha, Persian langhage, Naghshbandieh, Sufism and mysticism, Mavarolnahr

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The comparison Losartan and medical combination of Losartan and pyridoxamine on reducing proteinuria in patients with diabetes type II

 

Seyyed Sadredin Rasi Hashemi1, Kamaludin Golbazi2, Amir Gorbani Haghjo3, Majid Mobaseri4, Javid Safa5

 

[1]- Assistant professor of Internal Medicine, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

2- Resident of Internal Medicine, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

3- Biochemical associate professor and clinical laboratories, biochemical group and clinical laboratories, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

4- Associate professor of Internal Medicine, Internal Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

5- Medical applied research center, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

*_Corresponding author: Kamaludin Golbazi (dr_an1077@gmail.com)

 

Abstract: Background and purpose: The diabetic nephropathy is one of final stage causes of renal disease. The angiotensin II locally increases because of hyperglycemia in kidney and causes renal lesions induction especially, glomerular lesions. Thus, in the present research, we try to treat patients suffering from diabetic nephropathy by Losartan, pyridoxamine, and study useful effects of these drugs on disease progression process. Methodology: In the present clinical experimental study, 44 patients with diabetic type II were selected without regard to sex sequentially and categorized in two groups randomly. First group (n = 22) were treated with Losartan by dose 25 mg every 12h for 2 months solely and tests controlled while start of drug and next two months. The second group (n = 22) were under treatment with conjoint Losartan (25mg/12h) and pyridoxamine (25mg) and tests controlled before and after 2 months treatment. Results: In case group, the average measured sodium before and after treatment were 146139.954.17 and 138.332.28, the mean triglyceride measured before and after treatment were 231.28106.05 and 179.66116.06, mean lipid – peroxide measured before and after treatment 3.391.57 and 1.790.84, the mean 24-h urine protein measured before and after treatment were 3157.382330.47 and 1587.521695m 91 and finally the mean uric acid measured before and after treatment were 8.462.13 and 6.692.28 respectively. In control group the mean sodium measured before and after treatment were 138.856 and 136.94.74, the mean triglyceride measured before and after treatment were 181.595.14 and 172.8556.81, the mean lipid peroxide measured before and after treatment were 2.881,34 and 2.020.83, the mean uric protein 24h measured before and after treatment were 1087.181021.81 and 425.52447.97 and finally the mean uric acid were 8.031.75 and 6.081.95 respectively. Conclusion: In the group treated by Losartan, there were meaningful difference between before and after treatment in the cases of cholesterol, blood sugar, uric acid, 24-h urine protein and lipid peroxide. In the group under treatment by combination of Losartan and pyridoxamine, there were meaningful difference between pre and pro treatment in the cases of triglycerides, blood suger, uric acid, 24-h urea protein and lipid peroxide. It is noticeable to say that there was more meaningful difference between pre and pro treatment in the group under treatment by combination of Losartan and pyridoxamine than group treated by Losartan. Thus, with attention to ontained results, it is recommended use of Losartan in combination with pyridoxamine.

[Rasi Hashemi SS, Golbazi K, Gorbani Haghjo A, Mobaseri M, Safa J. The comparison Losartan and medical combination of Losartan and pyridoxamine on reducing proteinuria in patients with diabetes type II. J Am Sci 2013;9(11s):53-61]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 10

doi:10.7537/marsjas0911s13.10

 

Keywords: Dyssynchrony; Global longitudinal strain; Pacing; Speckle tracking echocardiography

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Psychometric assessment of adult pragmatic profile

 

Davood Sobhani-Rad1, 2, Asgar Ghorbani3*, Hassan Ashayeri4, Shohereh Jalaei5, Behrooz Mahmoodi-Bakhtiari6, Sadegh Saifpanahi1

 

1 Department of Speech Pathology, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Speech Pathology, Paramedical Science Faculty, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3 Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 School of Rehabilitation, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

5 School of Rehabilitation, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

6 Department of Linguistics, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

*Correspondence

Asgar Ghorbani, Assistant Professor in Neurology, Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Tel: 00982184902390. Email: dsobhanirad@tums.ac.ir

 

Abstract: Pragmatics is a general approach to discourse analysis that focuses on the interaction among meaning, context, and communication. The aim of present research was to assess the validity and reliability of a novel-combinatorial protocol, named as Adult Pragmatic Profile (APP), in a Persian language community. Participants were 85 healthy individuals age between 40 and 65 years and data collection involved 30 minutes video recordings of speech pathologist interactions. To survey adolescent pragmatic profile, APP was developed to attain a general profile of verbal, paralinguistic and nonverbal abilities. Content validity, as measured using the concordance between APP and clinicians' opinions, was high and significant correlation between three subscales indicated its high construct validity. When internal reliability was examined, the overall internal consistency of the pragmatic scale was extremely high, and intra reliability, as measured with internal consistency scores, was found to be good for the community sample. The results of this study suggest that screening for pragmatics in Persian language individuals is indeed possible using APP.

[Sobhani-Rad D, Ghorbani A, Ashayeri H, Jalaei S, Mahmoodi-Bakhtiari B, Saifpanahi S. Psychometric assessment of adult pragmatic profile. J Am Sci 2013;9(11s):62-66]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 11

doi:10.7537/marsjas0911s13.11

 

Keywords: Adult pragmatics, Psychometric assessment, Pragmatic profile

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Relationship between Clinical and Environmental Isolates of Acinetobacter Baumannii in Assiut University Hospitals

 

Enas A. Daef, Ismael S. Mohamad, Ahmad S. Ahmad, Sherein G. El-Gendy, Entsar H. Ahmed and Ibrahim M. Sayed

 

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Infection Control Unit, Assiut University, Egypt

shereinelgendy@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This study was conducted during the period from October 2009 to February 2011 to correlate the Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from clinical and environmental samples by different methods including biotyping, antibiogram, phenotyping (detection of metallo-B-lactamase enzyme) and also molecular typing throw detection of universal gene of Acinetobacter species. We isolated a total of 51 Acinetobacter species from clinical and environmental samples from different wards and ICUs of Assiut University Hospitals. Biotyping of the isolates were done using API 20NE Index system which identified all clinical & environmental isolatesas Acinetobacter baumannii / calcoaceticus complex. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was determined by Kirby Bauer disk diffusion method. The highest resistance was to penicillin derivatives (66.7% and 51.9% in clinical and environmental samples respectively). The lowest resistance was to tetracycline (20.8% and 29.6%) and imipenem (29.2% and 33.3% in clinical and environmental samples respectively). Phenotypic detection of Metallo-B-lactamase (MBL) was done by double disc synergy test. All the imipenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from clinical and environmental samples expressed MBL phenotypically. Molecular typing by PCR showed that 49 of Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from clinical and environmental samples had positive ITS of 602-622bp with an overall sequence similarity of more than96%.These methods supported a close relationship between clinical and environmental isolates and also indicated the important role of hospital environment in spread and transmissibility of multidrug resistant A. baumanii among hospitalized patients.

[Enas A. Daef, Ismael S. Mohamad, Ahmad S. Ahmad, Sherein G. El-Gendy, Entsar H. Ahmed and Ibrahim M. Sayed. Relationship between Clinical and Environmental Isolates of Acinetobacter Baumannii in Assiut University Hospitals. J Am Sci 2013;9(11s):67-73]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 12

doi:10.7537/marsjas0911s13.12

 

Keywords: A. baumanii, environmental isolates, 16S rRNA-23S rRNA gene.

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Morphological and Histological Changes in the Camel Testes In Relation To Semen Characteristics During Breeding and Non-Breeding Seasons

 

Maiada, W.A. Allam1 E.B. Abdalla1, A.E.B. Zeidan2, M.H. Farouk3, and A.M. Abd El-Salaam2

 

1Animal Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

2Animal Production Research Institute, Dokki, Giza, Egypt

3Animal Production Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Azhar University, Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt.

mhfarouk@hotmaik.com

 

Abstract: A total number of 65 clinically healthy male dromedary camels were used in the present study. The age of these camels ranged from 5 to 10 years and their weights were approximately 500 kg an average. The experimental work aimed to investigate the effect of breeding and non-breeding seasons either hot-humid or hot-dry months on testicular measurements, epididymal semen characteristics and histological changes in the right and left testes of the dromedary camels. The obtained results showed that, the testis weight, testicular volume, scrotal circumference, testis tone firmer score and the percentage of sperm motility, sperm-cell concentration of the dromedary camels were significantly (P<0.05) higher during breeding than non-breeding season either hot-dry or hot-humid months, while the percentages of dead spermatozoa, sperm abnormalities and acrosomal damage of spermatozoa were significantly (P <0.05) higher during hot-humid months as compared to both hot-dry months and breeding season. Semen colour was creamish white, milky white and watery white during breeding season, hot-dry and hot-humid months, respectively. Semen consistency was viscous during breeding season and hot-dry months and semi-viscous during hot-humid months. Seminal pH value was significantly (P <0.05) higher during hot-humid months as compared to both breeding season and hot-dry months. The testis of the male dromedary camels during breeding season showed consisted of numerous semineferous tubules (ST) with different shapes and size (oval, ovaid and circular) were highly active. The ST lined by spermatogenic cells at different maturation stages (spermatogonium, spermatocytes, spermatid and spermatozoa) are present as compared to camels during non-breeding season either hot-dry or hot-humid months.

[Maiada, W.A. Allam, E.B. Abdalla, A.E.B. Zeidan, M.H. Farouk, and A.M. Abd El-Salaam. Morphological and Histological Changes in the Camel Testes In Relation To Semen Characteristics During Breeding and Non-Breeding Seasons. J Am Sci 2013;9(11s):74-82]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 13

doi:10.7537/marsjas0911s13.13

 

Keywords: Male camel, semen, breeding season, hot-humid, hot-dry, testes histology

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In vitro antibacterial, anticancer and antioxidant properties of some oil plant extract

 

Abeer A. Abu-Zaid 1,2, Majeeda A. Alopidi2 EL-Sehrawy M.H.2,3*

 

1Food Technology Research Inst., Agric Rese. Cent., Giza, Egypt

2Biology Dept., Fac. of Science, Taif University, Saudi Arabia

3Botany and Microbiology Department, Faculty of Science(Boys), AL-Azher University, Cairo, Egypt

moataz50@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of Rosmarinus officinalis and Laurus nobilis EO as well as Brassica sp mustard oil including: antimicrobial, minimum inhibition concentration MIC, antioxidant, and anticancer activity. Average of Essential Oil (EO) extracted from dried Rosmary and Laura leaves by steam distillation were 0.7-1.5% and 0.8 -1.4% v/w respectively. Meanwhile, the seed of mustard extracted by mechanical press was 39-48 % oil. The chemical constituents of Rosmary and Laura EO were identified by GC/MS, α- pinen (27.21, 10.56%), 1,8 cineole (18.55, 40.78%) were found to be main components. While mustard oil had Sixteen phenolic compounds identified by HPLC. Physico- chemical properties of oil plants were determined. In conclusion, Rosmary and Laura EO had a substantial inhibitory effect on all assayed bacteria strains. Meanwhile, Mustard oil was possessed no antibacterial activity against all tested bacteria. The bacterial strains tested were found to be sensitive to Essential Oils studied and showed remarkable antibacterial activity with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) ranging from 25-125 l/ml. In addition the highest free radical scavenging was recorded 85.53 % at 30μl/ml of Rosmary EO. The inhibitory trend in both Laurus EO and Mustard oil against HCT and HEPG-2 cell lines was exponential trend whereas in case of Rosmary EO the trend was logarithmic. In conclusion, the extracted EO of Rosmary and Laura as well as Mustarda oil in this study are strongly recommended to use as generally recognized as safe (GRAS) oil.

 [Abeer A. Abu-Zaid, Majeeda A. Alopidi and EL-Sehrawy M.H. In vitro antibacterial, anticancer and antioxidant properties of some oil plant extract. J Am Sci 2013;9(11s):83-94]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 14

doi:10.7537/marsjas0911s13.14

 

Keywords: Essential oil, antibacterial, antioxidant, anticancer.

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Triple technique for treatment of pterygium

 

AlAhmady H. Alsaman

 

Department of Opthalmology, Sohag University Hospital, Sohag Faculty of Medicine.

Alahmady20@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Purpose: To evaluate the outcomes of primary pterygium excision one week after sublesional Bevacizumab (Avastin) injection and intraoperative mitomycin C application with subtenon triamecinolone injection (triple technique). Patients & Methods: In an interventional prospective study, 25 patients with primary pterygia underwent sublesional injection of bevacizumab (Avastin) (1.25mg\0.1ml) one week later surgical excision was performed with mitomycin C application and the end of surgery triamecinolone acetate (10 mg\ml) was injection subtenon in Ophthalmology department of Sohag University Hospital and the eyes were operated on by a single surgeon. All cases were followed up for one year and the results were evaluated in terms of recurrent pterygium growth and complications. Results: Twenty-five eyes of 25 patients (14 males and 11 females) with mean age 458.8 years were operated. The pterygia extended onto the corneas for 4.11.2 (range 3-5.5) mm. during the 12 months follow up no recurrence was detected and no complications were reported. Conclusion: this triple technique is safe and effective surgical technique with no recurrence rate but longer follow up period is mandatory.

[AlAhmady H. Alsaman. Triple technique for treatment of pterygium. J Am Sci 2013;9(11s):95-98]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 15

doi:10.7537/marsjas0911s13.15

 

Keywords: Triple; technique; treatment; pterygium

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 The manuscripts in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review, starting from November 1, 2013.

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