Loading

 

Science Journal

 

The Journal of American Science

(J Am Sci)

ISSN 1545-1003, Monthly

Volume 10, Special Issue 1 (Supplement Issue 1), January 25, 2014

Cover Page (online), Cover (print), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, am1001s

 

You can use the message in end of the article abstract to cite it.

To get Microsoft Documents: After you open the "Full Text" for each article, change the last 3 characters of the web address from .pdf to .doc (or .docx)

Welcome to send your manuscript(s) to: americansciencej@gmail.com.

 

CONTENTS

No.

Titles / Authors

Full

Text

No.

1

The correlation of axial rotation of the lumbar spine with degenerative disease of disk and lumbar end plates and apophyseal joint orientation

 

Leila Akhoundzadeh*, Alireza Mirfakhrayi, Maryam Mozayan

 

Resident of Radiology, Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medical, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

*_Corresponding author: Leila Akhoundzadeh (l_akhoundzadeh@yahoo.com)

 

Abstract: Introduction: Decreased stability of spinal motion segments is the one of probable mechanisms of back pain. As yet, a few studies deliberated imaging characteristics of degenerative changes associated with spinal instability such as axial rotation and documented criteria's has not been suggested in the reference books. Attention to lumbar axial rotation and indirect signs suggesting it, is the important factor in selecting method of surgery and appeasement of patient's symptom. In this study, we determine relationship between axial rotation of lumbar vertebrae and degenerative changes of disk and end plates and apophyseal joint plane. Materials and methods: We evaluated MR study of lumbosacral vertebrae of 709 patients, finally we found 50 patients with axial rotation. In addition, 50 patients without axial rotation random selected as control group. Disc appearance (with or without bulging or herniation), Disc hydration, Signal intensity of end plates, osteophyte formation and apophyseal joint plane are evaluated. Results: case group include 29 females and 21 males with 39-61 years old age. In 50 patients with axial rotation, (72% of patients had clockwise axial rotation and 28% of patients had counterclockwise axial rotation. In case group, 0% of patients had complete hydration, 38% of patients had relative dehydration and 62% of patients had complete dehydration, 100% of patients had decreased height of disk, 12% of patients didn`t have disk bulging and herniation, 22% of patients had disk bulging, 56% of patients had protrusion, 8% of patients had extrusion, 2% of patients had sequestration, 18% of patients had osteophyte formation, 34% of patients had normal signal of end plates, 30% of patients had type 1 signal changes, 26% of patients had type 2 signal changes, 10% of patients had type 3 signal changes. Also in 36 patients with clockwise axial rotation 100% of patients had decreased angle of right apophyseal joint plane and increased angle of left apophyseal joint plane. Also, in 14 patients with counterclockwise axial rotation 100% of patients had increased angle of right apophyseal joint plane and decreased angle of left apophyseal joint plane. In case group, in 36 patients with clockwise axial rotation 100% of patients had decreased left neuroforaminal AP diameter and 2% of patients had decreased right neuroforaminal AP diameter. In addition, in 14 patients with counterclockwise axial rotation, 100% of patients had decreased right neuroforaminal AP diameter and 6% of patients had decreased left neuroforaminal AP diameter. Conclusion: Our study showed the correlation between axial rotation and disk dehydration, decreased height of disk, disk protrusion, types 1 and 2 signal changes of end plates, apophyseal plane angle changes, decreased neuroforaminal AP diameter at the same side of axial rotation (p<0.05).

[Akhoundzadeh L, Mirfakhrayi A, Mozayan M. The correlation of axial rotation of the lumbar spine with degenerative disease of disk and lumbar end plates and apophyseal joint orientation. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):1-4]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 1

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.01

 

Keywords: Axial Rotation of Lumbar Vertebrae, Disk Hydration, End Plates, Osteophyte Formation, Apophyseal Joint Plane.

Full Text

1

2

Effect of Pruning on Growth, Yield and Fruit Quality of Husk Tomato (Physalis pubescens L.)

 

Goda, Y.*; Abd El-Rehim, A.S.*; Mohamed, A.A.*; Helali, A.A.* and El-Zeiny, U.**

 

*Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Azhar University – Cairo – Egypt.

** Horticulture Research Institute – Giza- Egypt.

 

Abstract: This investigation was carried out for two successive seasons (2011-2012 and 2012-2013) on husk tomato (Local variety) planted in a private farm located at Shebeen El-Qanatir city, El-Qaliubiya governorate, Egypt.the aim of this study was to determine the response of husk tomato to some pruning treatments on growth, fruit quality, total yield and harvest date. Seeds were sown in seedbed on July 5th in both seasons. Seedlings were transplanted forty days letter in the open field and transplanted 60 cm apart on the row among plants. Plants were trained on thread and pruned as follow: plants left without pruning (control), plants pruned to three shoots on main stem, plants pruned to six shoots on main stem and plants pruned to nine shoots on main stem. Results showed that all pruning treatments improved vegetative growth parameters (i.e. plant high, stem diameter and leaf area) and physical and chemical characteristics of fruits (i.e. fruit weight, size, diameter, TSS, vitamin C and total carotene) and increased of fruit yield (number of fruit per plant, weight of fruit per plant, early yield per plot and total yield per plot). Nine shoots treatment is the best recommended treatment, which it increased total yield and weight of fruit per plant as compared to control in both seasons.

[Goda, Y.; Abd El-Rehim, A.S.; Mohamed, A.A.; Helali, A.A. and El-Zeiny, U. Effect of Pruning on Growth, Yield and Fruit Quality of Husk Tomato (Physalis pubescens L.). J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):5-10 == page 5+ numpages 6-110- page 5+1 ]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 2

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.02

 

Key words: husk, pruning, tomato, yield, TSS.

Full Text

2

3

Network Relations In The Hierarchical Structure Of Society

 

Fariz Abasov

 

Lecturer of Economics and Management of the Baku State University Baku, Azerbaijan

 

Abstract. Economic relations in the information society increasingly becoming network character. Despite the fact that the networks of today say a lot, network relations in the economic activity of enterprises studied sufficiently. Today, in a time of global change, the growth of technological capabilities for vertically integrated firms, a period of inhibition. Network structures are more flexible, which is very important for modern productions using new upgrade possibilities. On the other hand, the development of networks creates new conflicts. Power goes to destructive groups that can be organized in a network is much easier than the traditional state actors.

[Fariz Abasov. Network Relations In The Hierarchical Structure Of Society. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):11-14 ]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 3

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.03

 

Keywords: network, network relations, the hierarchical structure of society, integration of regional and national economies.

Full Text

3

4

Emotional Intelligence and Language Proficiency

 

Ronak Bakhtiary Kaboudjoubee

 

BA in English, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

ronak.bakhtiary@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The emotional intelligence (EQ) is referred as one of the important criteria in measuring the individuals' success in different areas of life especially in educational achievement. So in this study the relationship between the emotional intelligence and language proficiency are determined. Bar-on questionnaire is used to calculating EQ and TOEFL score used to determining aspects of language proficiency (Reading, Listening, Speaking and Writing). Emotional Quotient Scale has 15 different scales of emotions. Pearson test was used to calculate relation between these 15 different scales of emotions and 4 language skills. Results showed s significant correlation between the total score of TOEFL and the emotional quotient. And according Friedman’s test Reading with mean rank equal to 2.62 is in the first priority and the Social-Responsibility (SR) is in the first priority with the mean rank equal to 11.45.

[Ronak Bakhtiary Kaboudjoubee. Emotional Intelligence and Language Proficiency. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):15-27]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 4

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.04

 

Key words : Self-awareness, Self-management, Social awareness, Relationship Management.

Full Text

4

5

Problems of the Youth-A study of Pre-Service B.Ed Teacher Trainees of Govt. college of Education

 

Hafiz Mudasir1, Shazia Majeed 2.

 

1Hafiz Mudasir, Ph.D Research Scholar, Dr. C.V Raman University, Chhattisgarh, India

2Lecturer, Govt. College of Education, M.A Road, Srinagar

hafizmudasir@rediffmail.com

 

Abstract: Youth of our country form a major chunk of its population. They possess a number of qualities into different sectors of life, which by their application in the real situation can change the shape of the nation. As such our youth are not free from difficulties and problems, which need our due attention in order to help them for all the times to come. Keeping this fact in view the present study is done with the purpose to examine youth problems of such adolescents. For this purpose a group of Preservice B.Ed pupil trainees were selected randomly from urban and rural areas of Govt. college of Education M.A road Srinagar. T he youth of today require and need the guidance and care of the elders. The variables included for the study are family problems, college problem, social problems, personal problems and oversensitivity. The study was conducted on a sample of 60 pre service B.Ed trainees (30 male and 30 female) from urban and rural areas of Jammu and Kashmir. A standardized questionnaire developed by Dr.M. Verma’s Youth Problem Inventory was administrated for this purpose. Proper statistical treatment was given in order to obtain the results.

[Hafiz Mudasir, Shazia Majeed. Problems of the Youth-A study of Pre-Service B.Ed Teacher Trainees of Govt. College of Education. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):28-31]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 5

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.05

 

Key words: Youth, Problems, Pre-service, Trainees, Psychological and Physiological Changes.

Full Text

5

6

Laws of criminal insulting in religious leader legal system as well as in Iran

 

Kaveh Abrahim Poor Tazehkand

 

Department of Private Law, Islamic Azad University, Kish International Branch

 

Abstract: Because the illegal acts and crimes against human beings causing somatic situation or offended party reaction against the offenders in the society are also, offenses against the individual and respect of persons as well; due to the fact that these offenses are so much deterioration psychological trying very hard and hard to behave, and treatment of physical harms and financial losses can be expressed as offensive, assume: An illegal act in which the individual using conversation, writing, movement and gesture of mortification and humiliation caused another prestigious on. As diagnostic criteria of common insulting against crimes such as counterfeiting and accidents, etc that are expert as diagnostic criteria of. In this research, we have investigated the jurisprudential perspectives of the insulting, insulting and then we have talked from the perspective of criminal law which is insulting to the law of the examples we have cited. That comprise the following: First theme: simple insulting, Second: irritated insulting, and the third topic: insulting the Press. And should in summary said that these diagnostic criteria of that it custom and custom insulting the judge will rule according to the law.

 [Kaveh Abrahim Poor Tazehkand. Laws of criminal insulting in religious leader legal system as well as in Iran. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):32-34]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 6

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.06

 

Keywords: criminal law, defamation, jurisprudence, custom. Religious leader

Full Text

6

7

A study on the effectiveness of personal traits and participating in social activities on schizophrenics’ quality of life

 

Sima Farid Kian1, Mohammad Mahdi Bahar2, Habib,Agha Bakhshi3

 

1Phd Student of Cultural Planning, The University of Khurazmy, Department of Social Science, International Pardis, Tehran, Iran, Email: Sima.faridkian@yahoo.com, Tel: 09124116322

2Master of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Department of sociology, Arak, Iran, Email: Mohamadmahdibahar57@yahoo.com, Tel: 09125339154

3Faculty Member of the University of Islamic Azad Roudehen, Dean of Social Science Department,Tehran, Iran

 

Abstract: Aim: This study is conducted based on how effective each individual’s behavior and taking part in social activities are on the quality of life of the schizophrenia sufferers. Method: This research study is carried out employing descriptive survey method, in which 60 schizophrenia sufferers at Iran Welfare Organization were randomly chosen. And during a semi-structured interview, Heinrich’s WHO questionnaire of the quality of life was made use of. Findings: ANOVA single-factor statistical test, the mean score, and standard deviation of the respondents indicate the importance of the psychological state on the schizophrenics’ quality of life. It is also made clear that, based on the tests done, the role of the functional scale – taking opportunity into account, efficiency, satisfaction with job and efficiency, and the levels of using public property and personal belongings and social activities are the crucial ingredients of personal traits. Discussion: Heinrich’s standardized questionnaire involves four crucial dimensions among which only the effectiveness of psychological state on the quality of life is being studied which shows that among the above-mentioned factors only the interaction with the interviewer appears to be ineffective.

[Sima Farid Kian, Mohammad Mahdi Bahar, Habib, Agha Bakhshi. A study on the effectiveness of personal traits and participating in social activities on schizophrenics’ quality of life. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):35-38]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 7

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.07

 

Keywords: Pierre Bourdieu’s theory; social capital; social sciences.

Full Text

7

8

A review on Robert Putnam’s theory about social capital

 

Mohammad Mahdi Bahar1, Sima Farid Kian2

 

1Master of Sociology, Islamic Azad University, Department of sociology, Arak, Iran, Email: Mohamadmahdibahar57@yahoo.com, Tel: 09125339154

2Phd Student of Cultural Planning, The University of Khurazmy, Department of Social Science, International Pardis, Tehran, Iran, Email: Sima.faridkian@yahoo.com, Tel: 09124116322

 

Abstract: Social capital is an expression normally used in everyday conversations, although there might be an ambiguous picture of it in minds. Social capital is an old concept, however, it is the only expression well-invented recently (Portes and Sensenbrenner-1993; Putnam-1995; Bankstone and Zhou-2002; Labonte-1999; Lazega and Pattison-2001). Social capital is closely yoked with concepts like civil society and social relationships (Adam and Roncevic-2003). This issue also accords theories of writers such as Dourkheim, Simmel, Marx, Weber, and other hypotheses like Social Interaction and Organizational Commitment (Watson and Papamarcos-2002). The new advances of the concept of social capital is rooted in three key compilations of Bourdieu, Coleman, and Putnam together with some others involving the Multidisciplinary Approach. To put it simply, Putnam defines social capital as follows: it is made of features of a social organization such as trust, norms, and networks which improve the performance and practicality of the society through facilitating cooperative actions. In this article, the writer tries to study Robert Putnam’s views about social capital.

[Mohammad Mahdi Bahar, Sima Farid Kian. A review on Robert Putnam’s theory about social capital. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):39-41]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 8

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.08

 

Keywords: Pierre Bourdieu’s theory; social capital; social sciences.

Full Text

8

9

The Effect of Near Fault and Far Fault Earthquake on Dynamic Analysis of Concrete Face Rockfill Dam with Case Study on the Neka, Gelevard CFRD

 

Hasan Houshmandan1, Reza Rasouli2, Mohammad Hajiamiri3

 

1.Department of Civil Engineering, Islamic Azad University, Gorgan Branch, Kordkuy Center, Golestan, Iran

hasanhoushmandan@yahoo.com

2. M.S. in Civil Eng. -Soil Mechanics and Foundations,

Reza.rasouli255@gmail.com

3. University Faculty Member, Department of Mechanic Eng, Mazandaran Institute of Technology, Iran

Mechanical_amiri@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Comparing of time histories and frequency containing of various accelerogram from near and far fault that show reached vibrations to various points depend on distance from causative fault position, the direction of the advancing rupture and the characteristics of the source parameters. The accelerogram crop of near fault and far fault general containing less effect’s time to regard of accelerogram from near fault and far fault and usually from high frequency compilation type. In this state that accelerogram from near fault and far fault records general are containing low frequency compilations. The studies histories seismic of various structures that show in using effect earthquake of near fault and far fault that are containing various frequency and that show difference act. Considering that such studies on Rockfill dams with concrete face rockfill dams (CFRD) is rare and due to its importance in the present paper will be discussedFor example from CFRD to various earthquake earned from near fault and far fault and will compared together, in continue from base of earned results in this studies difference seismic CFRD to will became manifest in near fault and far fault earthquake.

[Hasan Houshmandan, Reza Rasouli, Mohammad Hajiamiri. The Effect of Near Fault and Far Fault Earthquake on Dynamic Analysis of Concrete Face Rockfill Dam with Case Study on the Neka, Gelevard CFRD. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):42-51]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 9

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.09

 

Keywords: concrete face rockfill dam, CFRD, near fault & far fault.

Full Text

9

10

Saudi Feminization: Dynamical phases of Saudi women in the field of Education and Employment

 

Dr. Musrrat Parveen

 

Faculty of Economics & Administration, Department of Human Resource Management,

King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, Official Email: mpmohammed@kau.edu.sa

Correspondence Email: dr.musrratparveen@yahoo.com

 

ABSTRACT: This conceptual paper geared toward finding out (a) Tremendous ever changing phase of Saudi women in field of higher Education from past, present and growing with a decent career path for future and (b) to identify and examine the changes that have been made by Saudi government in meeting Saudis expectations especially Saudi women in field of education and creating employment opportunities.(c)Initiatives taken by Saudi government and Ministry of labor to uplift private sector to create jobs for Saudi women.(d)Highlight on the most latest achievements of Saudi women in the field of Education, Research and Employment opportunities and also emphasis on the latest planned achievement by Saudi government. This paper exclusively focuses on Saudi Feminization and tremendous growth in terms of education and employment of Saudi woman, which in turn will reverse the world’s perceptions of Saudi women.

[Musrrat Parveen. Saudi Feminization: Dynamical phases of Saudi women in the field of Education and Employment. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):52-66]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 10

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.10

 

Keywords: Saudi Feminization, Ministry of Higher Education, Saudi Women, Programs, Policies, Initiatives, Achievements, Gender Equality, Employment

Full Text

10

11

Semiotics in the Animated Documentary

 

Mojgan Aslani

 

Master of Design and Visual Art, University Science Malaysia, Ministry of Education (OERP) Organization For Educational Research and Plannig

mojganaslani@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The art of animation is superior to the recording process from some aspects, because motion, whether two- or three-dimensional, depends upon the animator behavior towards the thing that is placed in front of the single-frame camera. This process leads to the synchrony of the recording and interpretation stages. This conscious reproduction of motion that is performed frame to frame requires immediate and continuous intervention of the animator. Therefore, animation production method redefines the Grierson's definition of documentary: "creative treatment of actuality". This redefinition may be made through what is called "optical transformation" by Alan Rosenthal or by redefinition of "actuality" as a description of reality. Animators have undeniably been immersed in the "creative treatment" of their work material, and their work is evaluated by two main methods. First, by the degree of using infinite facilities of the animated form, for example to some extent it has used non-linear narrative, how much it has remained subjective, refrained from configuration, and used morph, metonymy, symbol, and metaphor. Second, it is important that how it has become far from realist codes of classic narrative and photographic realist styles that are prevalent in the live cinema. Animated documentaries follow two main concepts by their hybrid Aesthetics: "beautiful" and "true". These works often strengthen poetic and painterly aspects against two- and three-dimensional forms, and states social "truths" in a very specific and unique form simultaneously. Four groups of animated documentary can be suggested: imitative method, mental method, fantastic method, and post modern method that will be assessed in this paper by a semiotics approach.

[Mojgan Aslani. Semiotics in the Animated Documentary. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):67-73]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 11

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.11

 

Key words: art, beauty, semiotics, animation

Full Text

11

12

Clinical trial on femoral head osteonecrosis: simple core decompression vs. core decompression and fibular allo-graft placement

 

Mohammad Taghi Peyvandi1, Mahdi Mazloomi1, Mohammad Garadaghi2, Ali Parsa3, Hassan Bahrami Nassab4, Amir Reza Kachooei3, Ali Reza Hootkani3

 

1. Associate Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Orthopedic and Trauma Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

2. Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Orthopedic and Trauma Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3. Assistant Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Orthopedic and Trauma Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

4. Executive Manager, Iranian Tissue Bank, Research and Preparation Center

hootkani@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Femoral head osteonecrosis is a progressive disease which affects the patients in the 3rd to 5th decades of their life. Improvement was reported in 50% to 80% of the patients after decompression and fibular graft placement. On the other hand, decompression success is in doubt by some surgeons reporting failure rate of 60% in pre-collapse and 100% in post-collapse stage. In this clinical trial study, patients with femoral head osteonecrosis Ficot stages of 1, 2 and 3 were included.15 patients in" simple decompression" group and 14 patients in "allograft" group. For decompression a single 8 mm track was drilled using an 8 mm trephine, for second group after decompression. In total, 29 patients with 44 hips were included in this study. Mean Harris hip score before trial was 47.57.1 in simple decompression group and 57.48.8 in fibular graft group. 3 months later it became 64.29.6 and 75.111.2 for these groups. At final follow-up Harris hip score reached to 77.111.8 for simple decompression and 89.312.9 for fibular allograft group.(p value= 0.0001). In the core compression group 13 hips (56.5%) showed no progression but in the fibular graft group 17 hips (80.9%) had no progression. With nonvascularized fibular allograft, there would be no donor site morbidity as well as simple and reproducible technique with shorter surgery time. In our study, improvement of more than 20 in Harris Hip Score (HHS) was considered as clinical improvement. Moreover, to the last follow up, 81% of the patients in fibular graft group remained constantly in a same stage as before surgery which is comparable to 56% of the patients in simple compression.

[Mohammad Taghi Peyvandi, Mahdi Mazloomi, Mohammad Garadaghi, Ali Parsa, Hassan Bahrami Nassab, Amir Reza Kachooei, Ali Reza Hootkani. Clinical trial on femoral head osteonecrosis: simple core decompression vs. core decompression and fibular allo-graft placement. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):74-77]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 12

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.12

 

Keywords: fibular allo-graft, femoral head osteonecrosis

Full Text

12

13

Comparison of locked plate and External fixators outcomes, two different treatment modalities for intra-articular distal radius fractures

 

Mohammad Taghi Peivandi1, Mahmod Bahari1, Sara Amelfarzad2, Hosein Hajtaghi3, Hengameh Ebrahimi4, Masoud Mirkazemi5, Mehran Azami5, Meysam Fathi Choghadeh5, Ali Birjandinejad1

 

1. Associate Professor of Orthopedic Surgery, Orthopedic and Trauma Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

2. Pharmacologist, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

3. Orthopedic Surgon, Orthopedic and Trauma Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

4. Assistant Professor of Educational Nursing, Orthopedic and Trauma Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

5. Orthopedic Resident, Orthopedic and Trauma Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

birjandinejada@mums.ac.ir

 

Abstract: Distal radius fractures are actually the reason for 16 % of all the surgery treated fractures. Treatment modalities for these fractures have gone through significant changes during the last 20 years. This study compared treatment outcomes of two of these modalities, plate fixation and external fixator, on 20 to 50 years old patients. 80 patients with intra-articular distal radius fracture in the age range of 20 to 50 were included in this study. Two modalities; plate fixation or External fixator were used for treatment. Then they were followed 2 weeks, 6 weeks and 6 months postoperative. Demographic features and standard radiographic values were documented and MAYO, DASH and SF -36 exams were performed and finally results were all compared between the two groups. No significant age or gender difference was seen between the two groups. Acceptable radiographic values, Volar tilt and radial length were more seen in plate fixation group and grip power was significantly different between the 2 groups but no significant differences was detected in range of motion. In addition, MAYO score was significantly higher in plate fixation group according to SF -36 test general mental and physical health, social personal and physical function were all in a higher level in plate fixation group while mental and physical discomfort were more prevalent postoperatively in external fixator group. DASH score was not significantly different between the two groups. Plate is more preferred than external fixator for treatment of intra articular distal radius fracture.

[Mohammad Taghi Peivandi, Mahmod Bahari, Sara Amelfarzad, Hosein Hajtaghi, Hengameh Ebrahimi, Masoud Mirkazemi, Mehran Azami, Meysam Fathi Choghadeh, Ali Birjandinejad. Comparison of locked plate and External fixators outcomes, two different treatment modalities for intra-articular distal radius fractures. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):78-81]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 13

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.13

 

Keywords: distal radius fracture, external fixator method, internal fixation withplate fixation, intra articular fracture

Full Text

13

14

Providing a New Architecture for Network on Chip

 

Mohammad Sohrabi1,*, Masoud Katiraee2

 

1. Department of Computer Engineering, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

*Email: st_sohrabi@azad.ac.ir

2. Department of Computer Engineering, South Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Email: m_katiraee@azad.ac.ir

 

Abstract: The idea of “network on chip” or “NOC” has been taken from distributed systems and computer networks with the purpose of structured and scalable connection of chip components. Most of the ideas existing in the above mentioned domains applying the limitations of this application have been given way to this domain as well. In the present study, a new topology has been presented for the “NOCs”, which is the modified topology of the diagonal mesh typology for utilization in the domain of “NOC”. The proposed topology has been both investigated and compared with mesh topology. The presented architecture based on this topology has been simulated using the “OPNET” software and its performance and delay have been compared to those of the architecture equivalent to mesh topology. It has been shown that this network has a higher performance and lower delay compared to mesh network.

[Mohammad Sohrabi, Masoud Katiraee. Providing a New Architecture for Network on Chip. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):82-90]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 14

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.14

 

Keywords: System-on-Chip, Network-on-Chip, Interconnection Network, Topology

Full Text

14

15

Relationships between Staff Nurses' Satisfaction with Quality of Work and their Levels of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in Critical Care Units

 

Nevine H. Abd El-aal1 and Nagia Ibrahim Hassan2

 

Departments of 1Nursing Administration and 2Psychiatric Nursing and Mental Health, Damanhour University, Egypt

Neveenhassan2009@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background: staff nurses' satisfaction with the quality of their work depends on the type of units in which they work and their levels of depression, anxiety and stress. Aim of the study: To determine the relationships between staff nurses' satisfaction with the quality of work and their levels of depression, anxiety and stress in critical care units. Subjects: All staff nurses in all critical care units (n = 126) at Alexandria Main University Hospital. Tools: Two tools were used in this study namely: work quality satisfaction index (WQI) which contains six sub-dimensions and depression, anxiety, stress scale (DASS). Results: 62% of staff nurses' scored moderate satisfaction with the quality of work (WQI) in critical care units. In relation to, the overall level of staff nurses' satisfaction and depression, anxiety and stress; there was a significant negative weak correlation between overall satisfaction and depression scores. Regarding, staff nurses' satisfaction with the quality of their work sub-dimension and depression level, there was a highly significant negative correlation between professional relationships, and professional role enactment sub-dimension (rho = -0.263 & P = 0.003 and rho = -0.236 & P = 0.008) respectively. However, as for the satisfaction of staff nurses' with the quality of their work and anxiety level, there was a highly significant negative correlation in the professional relationships sub-dimension (rho = -0.240 & P = 0.007) and a significant negative correlation in the professional role enactment sub-dimension (rho =-0.213 & P = 0.17). Furthermore, concerning staff nurses' satisfaction with the quality of work sub-dimension and stress level, a significant negative correlation was found in the professional role enactment sub-dimension where (rho = -0.229 & P = 0.010). Conclusion: There was a significant negative weak correlation between the mean total score percentage of staff nurses' satisfaction and the quality of work and their depression level in critical care units. In addition, there was a negative correlation between the mean total score percentage of staff nurses' satisfaction with the quality of work, and anxiety and stress level but not significant. Recommendation: 1) The director of the nursing service should encourage the presence of a counseling center in each health care organization to provide a psychological counseling and enhance self assertiveness of staff nurses. 2) The director of the nursing service should develop positive interpersonal relationships among health care team members through implementing communication skills training program.

[Nevine H. Abd El-aal and Nagia Ibrahim Hassan. Relationships between Staff Nurses' Satisfaction with Quality of Work and their Levels of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in Critical Care Units. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):91-101]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 15

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.15

 

Keywords: Satisfaction, Quality of work, depression, anxiety, stress.

Full Text

15

16

Understanding the Importance of Preserving Patient’s Dignity in Nursing Care Between Nurses at Acute Hospital Settings

 

Intessar Mohamed Ahmed1 and Samah Anwar Shalaby2

 

1Lectuerer at Critical Care and Emergency Nursing department, Faculty of Nursing, Damanhour University

2 Lectuerer at Critical Care and Emergency Nursing department, Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria University

intessar_abdelrahman@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background: Dignity is a basic human right for all, it is fundamental to the well-being of every individual in every society and individuals desire to have their dignity properly maintained irrespective of their situation. Nurses have a professional duty to respect patients’ dignity. The significance of patient dignity is also reflected in various professional nursing bodies’ codes of conduct. For nurses to consistently and universally treat people with dignity, a clear understanding of the nature of dignity is necessary. Aims and objectives: The study was aimed to explore to what extent nurses understand the importance of preserving patient’s dignity in their nursing practices. So, this study assess current nursing practice as reported from nurses in order to identify the extent to which patients, dignity is maintained in our hospitals and compare between private and governmental hospitals in relation to their maintenance of patients, dignity. Methods: Convenience sampling was used to select participants and 100 nurses were included. Fifty nurses were selected from main university hospital and 50 from private hospitals. A semi – structured interview questionnaire was developed to collect data. It consisted of demographic data, 45 statements. The themes related to dignity and uncovered in the staff interviews were confidentiality and need for information, communication, choice, involvement in care and independence, respect and forms of address and privacy. Each statement was assigned to rating scale from 1 to 3 scores, while (1) indicate not agree, (2) indicate agree and (3) indicate strongly agree. Furthermore, nurses used the same scale twice, firstly to explore the degree of importance of each statement and secondly to answer if they perform or using it to preserve patient’s dignity in their care. Results: There was generally a high level of awareness about confidentiality and need for information, communication, choice, involvement in care and independence, respect and forms of address and privacy between nurses. Mean value of nurses believe was higher in private hospital than mean value of nurses believe in governmental hospital. Furthermore, mean values of nurses actual practice in private hospital was higher than the same value at governmental hospital. Conclusion: The nurses in this study believe, as important first step, that the maintenance of patient dignity is the duty of all involved with patient care, that ‘human dignity is an essential value of professional nursing’. Moreover, the individual nurses have very clear views about the importance of respecting patient’s dignity in their nursing care in this study shows. But, there are many obstacles facing their caring of their patients such as lack of time and pressure of works which may threaten maintenance of patients’ dignity.

 [Intessar Mohamed Ahmed and Samah Anwar Shalaby. Understanding the Importance of Preserving Patient’s Dignity in Nursing Care Between Nurses at Acute Hospital Settings. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):102-111]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 16

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.16

 

Keywords: Patient; Dignity; Nurse; Care; Acute; Hospital

Full Text

16

17

Switch to fair value and the challenges facing the external auditors

 

Ahmed Abdel kader Ahmed

 

Accounting Department, Faculty of Commerce, Al-Azhar University, Egypt

Prof.ahmed60@gmail.com

 

Abstract: This study has illustrated the challenges that the auditor faced by in addressing to financial statements including items measured and disclosed in accordance with the fair value, from two perspectives “theoretical perspective and survey perspective ”.The study has showed that auditors who address to auditing financial statements including items measured and disclosed in accordance with the fair value, are in face with many challenges that could be grouped under three dimensions. First challenge regarding the ability to checkout measurements used to estimate fair value for items included in financial statements, second domain is represented in the challenge regarding the awareness and understanding of auditor about the standards and guidance of fair value accounting and auditing., and third domain is represented in the challenge regarding the auditors’ abilities and competencies required for auditing of items measured and disclosed in financial statements in accordance with fair value.

[Ahmed Abdel kader Ahmed. Switch to fair value and the challenges facing the external auditors. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):112-122]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 17

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.17

 

Key words: fair value, challenges facing the external auditors

Full Text

17

18

Nurses’ perception of the quality of nursing work life and related priorities for improvement in Ain shams university specialized hospital

 

Mona Mostafa Shazly and Samah Faisal Fakhry

 

Nursing Administration Department, Faculty of Nursing, Ain shams University, Egypt.

samahtaher5@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Background and aim: The quality nursing care in health care organizations is only possible if there is working-life satisfaction among the nurses. This study aimed to assess nurses’ perception of the quality of nursing work life and related priorities for improvement in Ain shams university specialized hospital. Methodology: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at Ain shams university specialized hospital. It included a random sample of 265 staff nurses in various departments and ICUs. The data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire sheet that included a part for socio-demographic characteristics, a standard scale to assess the QNWL, and a similar scale for the priorities to improve the QNWL. Data collection was done during the period from March 2013 to May 2013. Results: Nurses' age ranged between 19 and 52 years. Only 20% had a bachelor degree. The highest domain of QNWL was that of work world (40.0%), while work context was the lowest (23.0%). As for improvement priorities, the highest was work life/home (55.8%) and the lowest the work world (39.2%). In total, 34.7% had perceived high QNWL and 47.9% highly perceived priorities for improvement. The perception of QWL was significantly higher with increasing age, experience years of ten or longer, and attending training courses; and was highest in emergency departments (27.2%) and lowest was in specialized units (12.1%). The correlations between nurses' QWL and corresponding priority dimensions and total scores were statistically significant, weak and negative. Conclusion and recommendations: Nurses in the study setting have generally low QWL, with higher perception of priorities for improvement, and these are negatively correlated. The findings indicate urgent need for improvements and hospital administration must take actions to improve these nurses' QWL through improving the work environment. Further research is proposed to assess the effectiveness of specific interventions in improving nurses' QWL through responding to identified improvement priorities.

[Mona Mostafa Shazly and Samah Faisal Fakhry. Nurses’ perception of the quality of nursing work life and related priorities for improvement in Ain shams university specialized hospital. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):123-131]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 18

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.18

 

Keywords: Nurse quality of work life priorities for improvement

Full Text

18

19

Histological Study the Effect of Captopril on the Liver of Albino Mice

 

Manal H El kafrawy

 

Anatomy Department - Faculty of Medicine- El Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt

manal.kafrawy@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The present study has been designed to evaluate the possible hepatotoxicity of the angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, captopril on liver of adult of albino mice. The study included the effect of oral administration of captopril for two months in adult mice. The dose used in the present study represents the dose equivalent to the therapeutic daily dose taken by human. Ninety adult albino mice weighing (2520) g were used in this study. They were divided into three main groups (n=30 each). Control group (G1), Group (G2) & group (G3) treated with captopril (0.01mg & 0.02mg daily for two months ). Light and electron microscopic examination of liver revealed pathological lesions in group.(G2) and group (G3). The liver of group (G2) showed necrosis and dilatation of sinusoids, necrosis of stage of karyolysis which remarkable changes appeared in the hepatocytes in group (G3) as compared with those in group (G2). Ultrastructural examination of the liver of the treated group (G2) revealed the hepatocytes contain the distorted cytoplasmic organelles, the nucleus possessed condensed chromatin and dentate nuclear membrane .The sinusoidal lining revealed fragmented endothelial cell and distorted kupffer cell. The group (G3) revealed the hepatocytes contain the degenerated cytoplasmic organelles, with indented and fragmented nuclear membrane, clumped the chromatin .The hepatocytes showed cytoplasmic degeneration ,with scattered apoptotic bodies and distorted blood cells and hypertrophy kupffer cell in sinusoid.

[Manal H El kafrawy. Histological Study the Effect of Captopril on the Liver of Albino Mice. J Am Sci 2014;10(1s):132-138]. (ISSN: 1545-1003). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 19

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.19

 

Keywords: Captopril; Liver; albino mice

Full Text

19

 The manuscripts in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review, starting from January 7, 2014. 
 
All comments are welcome: editor@americanscience.org; americansciencej@gmail.com, or contact with author(s) directly.

For back issues of the Journal of American Science, click here.

Emails: editor@americanscience.org; americansciencej@gmail.com

doi:

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.01

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.02

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.03

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.04

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.05

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.06

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.07

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.08

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.09

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.10

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.11

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.12

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.13

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.14

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.15

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.16

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.17

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.18

doi:10.7537/marsjas1001s14.19

 

 

 

| Terms of Service | Privacy Policy |

2014 Marsland Press