The Journal of American Science
(J Am Sci)
ISSN 1545-1003 (print); ISSN 2375-7264 (online),
doi prefix: 10.7537
Volume 10, Special Issue 11 (Supplement Issue 11),
November 25, 2014
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Titles / Authors
Nurse educators, attitude and satisfactory level
regarding use of students' portfolio as an assessment tool
Intessar Mohamed Ahmed and Hala Eid Mohamed2
Care & Emergency Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Damanhur
Education, Faculty of Nursing, Damanhur University, Lecturer
Identifying nursing program outcomes to be attained by students
is a critical but not difficult task. The challenge for faculty
is to actually determine what students have learned; how they
have changed academically, professionally, and personally; and
whether program outcomes were met at the end of their journey
through the curriculum. There is a growing national and
international trend in nursing education programs to use
portfolios to assess learning and competence. They
have become a valuable alternative/ adjunct method
for assessing student performance.
The aim of this study
was to investigate nurse educators, attitude and
satisfactory level regarding use of students,
portfolio as an assessment tool. Materials and Methods:
This study involved 70 nurse educators, it has a descriptive
design and it was carried out at Faculty of Nursing, Alexandria
University. Nurse educators, attitude and
satisfactions regarding portfolio assessment questionnaire
was used to collect data. The questionnaire consists of 2 parts.
Part I It consists of 19 statements to evaluate nursing staff
performance during different 5 steps of portfolio assessment and
part II includes 7 statements for to determine nurse educators'
attitude towards portfolio assessment. Results: It
was found that more than half of the studied group (57.9%)
agreed that portfolio assessment is considered time consuming
for them. (69%) of studied sample stated that portfolio
assessment is easy for them, provokes their interesting to know
the level of their students’ achievement, and it is very
substantial to evaluate their students’ achievement.
(50.7%) of studied sample agreed that portfolio
assessment is unburdening for them during works. Nurse educators
had positive attitude regarding the use of students' portfolio
as an assessment tool. A positive attitude was more observed
among nurse educators who had master and doctoral degree and
those who had years of experience from 5 - 10 and from 16 – 20
The majority of nurse
educators were satisfied in relation to steps of portfolio
The finding of the present study showed that educators have
a positive attitude towards the use of student portfolio
which leads to high satisfactory level of their performance.
The least positive attitude during portfolio assessment was
considering it as time consuming, burden task and less easy in
its application. Moreover,
doctoral degree had the least satisfactory level regarding all
steps of portfolio assessment. In addition, educators with
bachelor degree had low satisfactory level regarding step of
utilizing results of portfolio assessment.
Mohamed Ahmed and Hala Eid Mohamed.
Nurse educators, attitude and satisfactory level
regarding use of students' portfolio as an assessment tool.
J Am Sci
2014;10(11s):1-7]. (ISSN: 1545-1003).
portfolio assessment, nurse educator, attitude, satisfactory
Effect of L-Carnitine
on Experimentally Induced Liver Cirrhosis in Male Albino Rats
Abdel Aziz, A. Diab1;
Sayed A. Aziz2; Ahmed A. Hendawy1; and
Dalia M. M.
Dept., Faculty of Science,
Zagazig University, Egypt
Dept., Faculty of Vet. Med., Zagazig
present study was undertaken to explore the possible protective
effect of L-carnitine if any against experimentally
-induced liver cirrhosis in
mature male rats using CCl4. Fourty mature male rats
were divided randomly into 4 equal groups each of ten. The first
group (normal control group) was injected with olive oil (1.5
ml/kg b.wt.). The second group (CCl4 cirrhotic group)
were rendered cirrhotic by injecting CCl4 (diluted 1:
7 in olive oil 1.5 ml /kg .b.wt.). While the third group were
given L-carnitine (100 mg/kg.b.wt.) plus CCl4.
Whereas, the last group were given silymarin in a dose of 25
mg/kg b.wt. together with CCl4 and used as standard.
All treatments were given 3 times a week for 7 successive weeks.
After the end of the study, all rats in all groups were
sacrificed and their blood were collected in centrifuge tubes
for preparation of serum which was kept at -20 oC
until used for estimating various parameters. Liver function
parameters (AST, ALT, ALP, total proteins, Albumin, globulins,
total bilirubin, direct and indirect bilirubin). Kidney function
parameters as serum creatinine, uric acid and urea. Lipogram
(Triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL-c and LDL-c). The
obtained results revealed that cirrhotic non-treated rats showed
a significant increase in serum activities of AST, ALT and ALP
and total bilirubin as well as a significant decrease in serum
total protein, albumin and globulins. On kidney function
parameters CCl4 afforded a significant increase in
serum levels of creatinine, uric acid and urea. On lipogram, CCl4
elicited a significant elevation in serum triglycerides. LDL-c
and a significant decrease in serum total cholesterol and HDL-c.
When compared with normal control group. L-carnitine when given
to cirrhotic rats induced a non-significant decrease in serum
AST, ALT , ALP and a significant increase in serum total
proteins and globulins together with a slight decrease in serum
total and direct bilirubin. On kidney function parameters
L-carnitine induced a significant decrease in serum creatinine
uric acid and urea compared with CCl4 treated group
and non-significant change, when compared with normal control
group whereas, on serum lipogram L-carnitine afforded a
significant decrease in HDL-c and LDL-c when compared with
control and CCl4 treated group respectively as well
as a significant increase in serum triglycerides compared with
CCl4 treated group. On the other hand, the Co.
administration of silymarin with CCl4 elicited a
significant decrease in serum AST, ALT, ALP and total bilirubin
as well as a significant increase in T.P, Albumin and globulins
compared with CCl4 non treated group. On kidney
function parameter, treatment of cirrhotic group with silymarin
afforded a significant decrease in serum creatinine, uric acid
and urea compared with CCl4 non treated group.
Whereas, on lipogram, silymarin induced a significant increase
in serum HDL-c compared with CCl4 non-treated group.
From all previous results, it was clear that L-carnitine
possesses a hepatoprotective activity against experimentally
–induced liver cirrhosis by carbon tetrachloride.
Aziz, A. Diab; Sayed A. Aziz; Ahmed A. Hendawy; and
M. Salim. The Ameliorative Effect of L-Carnitine
on Experimentally Induced Liver Cirrhosis in Male Albino.
J Am Sci
2014;10(11s):8-18]. (ISSN: 1545-1003).
ALT, ALP, HDL-c, LDL-c and TP.
manuscripts in this issue are presented as online first for
peer-review, starting from November 2, 2014.
comments are welcome:
or contact with author(s) directly.
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