[an error occurred while processing this directive]

 

Loading

 

Science Journal

 

The Journal of American Science

(J Am Sci)

ISSN 1545-1003 (print); ISSN 2375-7264 (online), doi:10.7537, Monthly

Volume 13, Issue 7, Cumulated No. 113, July 25, 2017

Cover (jpg), Cover (pdf), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, am1307

 

The following manuscripts are presented as online first for peer-review, starting from June 23, 2017. 

All comments are welcome: editor@sciencepub.net; americansciencej@gmail.com, or contact with author(s) directly.

 

You can use the message in end of the article abstract to cite it.

To get Microsoft Documents: After you open the "Full Text" for each article, change the last 3 characters of the web address from .pdf to .doc

Welcome to send your manuscript(s) to: americansciencej@gmail.com.

 

CONTENTS   

No.

Titles / Authors

Full

Text

No.

1

Using Landsat 8 and ASTER Data for lithological Discrimination and Mapping in Wadi Hamad area, North Eastern Desert, Egypt

 

Hassan Mohy1, Fawzy F. Basta 2, Shaban Ghanem Saber3, Atef Fawzi Aziz El Sobky4

 

1 Master degree and Unemployed but used to be Geologist in

"National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences ", 2 Mineralogy and Petrology Geology Department, Faculty of Science Cairo University, Egypt.

3 Mineralogy and Petrology Geology Department, Faculty of Science, Beni-Suef University, Egypt

4 Master degree and Owner and Managing Director for " El; Sobky for Agencies, Import and Export"

atefelsobky@elsobkyceramic.com

 

Abstract: This research aims at exploring the potentiality of utilizing Landsat 8 in integration with the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) data for lithological mapping of the Wadi Hamad area, North Eastern Desert of Egypt. Geological mapping in the Eastern Desert is impeded by difficult accessibility. By the use of Band combination, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Spectral ratioing of selected bands of Lands at 8 and ASTER data of the area, in synergy with geological field observation has proved effective in resolving geological mapping problems in the region. The validation mechanism was based on both matching interpreted lithological boundaries to the previously published geologic maps, field data and laboratory microscopic examinations of selected samples collected from the different exposed rocks in the area of study.

[Hassan Mohy Fawzy F. Basta, Shaban Ghanem Saber, Atef Fawzi Aziz El Sobky. Using Landsat 8 and ASTER Data for lithological Discrimination and Mapping in Wadi Hamad area, North Eastern Desert, Egypt. J Am Sci 2017;13(7):1-13]. ISSN 1545-1003 (print); ISSN 2375-7264 (online). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 1. doi:10.7537/marsjas130717.01.

 

Keywords: ASTER; Landsat 8; Lithological mapping; Wadi Hamad area; Band ratio; Egypt.

Full Text

1

2

The Possible Protective Effect of Antioxidant Alpha-Lipoic Acid on the Postnatal Developing Liver of Albino Rats Treated with Doxorubicin (Histological and Cytogenetic Study)

 

Laila M. Aboul- Mahasen1 & 2, Souria M. Donya3, and Amany F. Mohamed2

 

1 Anatomy Department, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia

2 Anatomy Department, Faculty of Medicine for Girls, Al-Azhar University Egypt.

3 Genetics and Cytology Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Division, National Research Center, Egypt

drlaila13@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Delaying childbearing to a later age has increased the number of women with cancer in pregnancy. Little information on the effects of prenatal exposure to chemotherapy on the fetus, prompted us to study the transplacental transport of chemotherapeutic agents and its effect on the liver of offsprings. Doxorubicin (DOX) an anthracycline antibiotic, which is widely used as an antineoplastic drug in the treatment of various solid tumors, especially breast cancer, has been shown to induced hepatotoxicity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible protective effect of Alpha- lipoic acid (ALA) on the postnatal developing liver of albino rats whose mothers treated with DOX. The pregnant mothers were divided into four main groups. G1 (control), G2 (ALA treated group), G3 (DOX treated group) and G4 (ALA+DOX treated group). After delivery, liver of newborn from all groups at the 1st and 7th days were collected and processed for histological examination. Monitoring of micronuclei formation and chromosomal aberrations assays in rat liver were also done. The liver from G3, showed various degenerative changes especially on the liver of the 7th day. The hepatotoxicity of the offspring suggested transplacental passage of doxorubicin. The pretreatment with ALA in G4 showed ameliorating effect on the hepatotoxicity induced by DOX. The cytogenetic results revealed that groups treated with ALA+DOX showed a significant reduction in the frequency of micronuclei formation as well as of chromosomal aberrations. Conclusion: from the results of the present study, it could be concluded that the pretreatment by alpha-lipoic could attenuate the DOX induced hepatotoxicity of newborn albino rat.

[Laila M. Aboul- Mahasen, Souria M. Donya, and Amany F. Mohamed. The Possible Protective Effect of Antioxidant Alpha-Lipoic Acid on the Postnatal Developing Liver of Albino Rats Treated with Doxorubicin (Histological and Cytogenetic Study). J Am Sci 2017;13(7):14-27]. ISSN 1545-1003 (print); ISSN 2375-7264 (online). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 2. doi:10.7537/marsjas130717.02.

 

Key words: development structure of liver, doxorubicin, alpha lipoic acid, micronucleus test, chromosomal aberrations

Full Text

2

3

Development Strength of Muscles and Bone Density Via Using Rubber Training and Its Effect on The Level of Performance for Some Basic Skills of Young Volleyball Players

 

Suhad Qasim Saeed and Shaymaa Jaafar Ibrahim

 

College of Physical Education for Women, Baghdad University, Iraq.

dr_suhad@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: The basis of overall promotion in sports such as volleyball is the physical preparation is concentrated using training methods and sound exercises consistent with element to be developed, whether physically or skillfully to be careful in creating the style and method appropriate to the type of sport that is trained and physical component Research objective to identify the effect of rubber training for the development of muscle strength and density of muscle for young players volleyball and research hypotheses are significant differences between the pre and post tests for the experimental and control Groups, the effect of rubber training included the research sample of young volley ball players totaling (14) players and the main experiment was performed on 05.05.2013 till 08.23.2013 and the experimental method was depended for its suitability to the nature of the research and the use of statistical treatment, the researcher has concluded: promotion the bone efficiency for the experimental group better when compared with the control group that confirmed the effectiveness the experimental group by the effect of the experimental training units and the researcher has found the need for concentration and confirmation and to pay attention to the rubber exercises because of its positive effect on the development of muscle strength and bone density.

[Suhad Qasim Saeed and Shaymaa Jaafar Ibrahim. Development Strength of Muscles and Bone Density Via Using Rubber Training and Its Effect on The Level of Performance for Some Basic Skills of Young Volleyball Players. J Am Sci 2017;13(7):28-34]. ISSN 1545-1003 (print); ISSN 2375-7264 (online). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 3. doi:10.7537/marsjas130717.03.

 

Keywords: Muscles, Bone Density, Rubber Training, Young Volleyball Players

Full Text

3

4

Effects of zinc sources supplementation on performance of broiler chickens

 

M. Badawi1, M. Ali2 and A. Behairy3

 

1Dept. of Nutrition and Clinical Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt.

2Dept. of Animal Wealth Development, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt.

3Dept. of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University, Egypt.

drmohamedbadwi@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: This trial was performed to study the effects of addition and/or substitution of various form of zinc sources (inorganic, organic and nano zinc) on performance, economic efficiency, blood metabolites and zinc concentration in tissue (breast muscle and liver) of broiler chickens. A total of 525 day old chicks were divided into seven groups with five replicates per group (75 chicks/group; 15 chicks/replicate). birds fed on 7 experimental diets; group 1: control basal diet without zinc supplement, group 2: 40 ppm inorganic Zn (ZnSO4), group 3: 40 ppm organic Zn methionine (Zn-Met), group 4: 40 ppm nano zinc oxide (nano ZnO), group 5: 20 ppm ZnSO4+20 ppm Zn-Met, group 6: 20 ppm ZnSO4+20 ppm nano ZnO, group 7: 20 ppm Zn-Met+20 ppm nano ZnO. This experiment was extended for 6 weeks. Individual body weights and feed residues were measured weekly. At the trial end, collect blood and tissue samples after slaughter five birds/group. The overall BW, BWG and FCR were significantly improved in the Zn supplemented groups. Return, net profit or partial and collective efficiency measures were significant different between all group. There was significant increase in concentrations of serum total protein, HDL-cholesterol and ALP in groups supplemented with Zn. Furthermore, there was significant increase in serum; breast and liver zinc concentration in experimental groups. Compared to inorganic-Zn form, supplementation and/or substitution with organic-Zn and/or nano-Zn form had a positive influence on the overall performance, Zn concentration in bird's serum, tissue, and increase return and net profit so; its addition and/or substitution will improve productive and economic efficiency.

[M. Badawi, M. Ali and A. Behairy. Effects of zinc sources supplementation on performance of broiler chickens. J Am Sci 2017;13(7):35-43]. ISSN 1545-1003 (print); ISSN 2375-7264 (online). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 4. doi:10.7537/marsjas130717.04.

 

Keywords: Zinc (Zn), growth performance, economic efficiency, serum metabolites, broiler

Full Text

4

5

Effect of propolis and Feoniculumvolger on hematological parameters and kidney functions in alloxan diabetic rats

 

Bassem El Araby, Diaa Farrag Ibrahim Ahmed*, and Samir Attia Zahkouk

 

Department of Zoology –Faculty of science Al Azhar university-Nasr city-Cairo- Egypt

*E mail: elharamain3@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Background: propolis is high efficient antioxidant antimicrobial, anticancer and antidiabetic agent. Propolis is collected by bees from trees. Foeniculum vulgare is antioxidant and antidiabetic agent this is due to it includes transanithol substance and other active ingredients. The aim of work is: To see the effect of these natural products on blood cells and hematology in diabetic rats and on kidney functions in addition to see its effects on kidney tissue. Materials and methods: Eighty rats were divided to eight groups according to the dose of both propolis and Foeniculumvolgare the hematological parameters, kidney function tests were analyzed in addition to sections in the kidney using Hematoxylin and Eosin stain were examined notice all groups are diabetic through induction with alloxan except the negative control. Results: data shows significant increase in RBCs, Hb concentration, Hct % and monocytes where lymphocytes and neutrophil shows significant decrease in addition to both ameliorates destructive effects of diabetes on kidney tissues especially on glomeruli and Bowman's capsule. Conclusion: propolis and Foeniculum vulgar has anti anemic and improve kidney.

[Bassem El Araby, Diaa Farrag Ibrahim Ahmed, and Samir Attia Zahkouk. Effect of propolis and Feoniculumvolger on hematological parameters and kidney functions in alloxan diabetic rats. J Am Sci 2017;13(7):44-55]. ISSN 1545-1003 (print); ISSN 2375-7264 (online). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 5. doi:10.7537/marsjas130717.05.

 

Key words: Propolis –Feoniculumvolger- Hematology – Kidney - Alloxan- Diabetic rats

Full Text

5

6

Laparoscopic CBD exploration.our experience

 

Emad Abdullatif Daoud M D MRCS

 

Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo Egypt

emsurg@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Background: Common bile duct (CBD) stone is the strong indication for surgical therapy, especially in patients with obstructive jaundice. With the development of laparoscopic equipment and technology, laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) has been widely used in clinical practice. Many previous studies have demonstrated that LCBDE is less invasive than conventional open surgery and it permits single-stage management of CBD stone. The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic common bile duct exploration (LCBDE) through cholangiotomy with T-tube placement in management of common bile duct stones (CBDS). Patients and methods: A total of 17 patients who were diagnosed with concomitant choledocholithiasis and cholelithiasis have undergone LCBDE using a choledochotomy (CBD) from December 2014 to janauary2017. The choledochoscope was inserted into the lumen of the CBD, all CBD stones were retrieved using a basket or a Fogarty balloon catheter or were irrigated with saline. After CBD clearance was confirmed using the choledochoscope, the choledochotomy was closed with the bard absorbable suture material Results: total of 17 patients (12males and 5 females) were recruited; the mean patient age in the present study was 47.88  14.7 years. Preoperative liver function tests were obtained on the day before surgery. The bilirubin level ranged from 0.28 to 6.47 mg/dl (mean 3.13  2.50 mg/dl), and gallstone pancreatitis was present in three patients which were treated preoperatively in a conservative manner with fluid resuscitation and nutritional support; surgery was performed when the symptoms were relieved and laboratory result return to normal. In terms of disease characteristics, the diameter of the CBD ranged from 8 to 27 mm (mean 12.2  4.2 mm), and the number of CBD stones ranged from 1 to 4. The size of the largest CBD stone in each case ranged from 5 to 27 mm (mean 9.6  7.4 mm). The mean operative time was 108.88  30.3 min, and the mean length of the postoperative hospital stay was 6.0  4.6 days. In patients who had large stones (over 10 mm, we used stone forceps to fragment and retrieve the stones. No patient developed symptoms or clinical signs that could be interpreted as late stricture. Four patients were converted to open surgery due to bleeding, severe inflammation, problems with equipment, or difficulties in introducing the T-tube. At follow-up, ALT, AST, ALP, and bilirubin returned to normal in all patients. Apart from that, no imaging or re-intervention was required for any of the patients. All patients recovered without any postoperative complications, except for 2 patients, one patient who developed postoperative pancreatitis and other patient develop biliary leakage and there were no recurrent stones. No death within 30 days after surgery was seen. Conclusions, LCBDE is a safe and feasible alternative for managing CBDS. The advantages are most pronounced in the case of multiple and large CBDS. The risk for retained stones and stricture is low.

[Emad Abdullatif Daoud. Laparoscopic CBD exploration. our experience. J Am Sci 2017;13(7):56-62]. ISSN 1545-1003 (print); ISSN 2375-7264 (online). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 6. doi:10.7537/marsjas130717.06.

 

Keywords: Choledocholithiasis, Cholelithiasis, Laparoscopy

Full Text

6

7

Aligning properly the staffs to their particular work-ambitions as a pre-requisite condition for aligning properly the organizations to fulfill their public missions: a comparative study

 

Dr. Amgad Hamed Omara

 

Assist. Prof. of Business Administration, Vice-Dean for Education & Students’ affairs, Faculty of Commerce, Menoufia University, Egypt. Email: amgadomara63@yahoo.com.

 

Abstract: This research is tackling at win-case occurred between the tasks required by the staffs and the mission required by the organization. It highlights to what extent the nature of some organizations activity affects the conjunction state that’s found between the tasks that the employees are doing and the mission that the organizations is fulfilling. It practically takes universities as a field-study in order to show that the mission of universities is just a tautology of the distributed tasks done by the teaching, research, and community-serving staffs. The contributions done by the latter is actually representing the branched sub-components of the whole mission of the former. Accordingly this research is interested in showing, through a problem oriented method, that’s based upon hypothesizing, how the Egyptian universities compared with the foreign ones are currently having sort of deficiency in getting their missions done; as it ought to be. Due to the lack or deficiency in aligning the staff to work at the level they are personally looking forward to. Particularly when they are spontaneously put to strive for properly locating their universities at the required position, in terms of the missions’ fulfillment The main conclusion that’s gotten by statistically testing the hypotheses is hop revolved around considering the systems of education, research and community-serving are deficient in empowering staff to be aligned to their personal work-ambitions, which is an urgent condition for the universities’ proper fulfillment of the whole missions. Accordingly, it is far recommended by this research to consider such a co-occurrence case of people doing well tasks for organizations doing well missions.

[Amgad Hamed Omara. Aligning properly the staffs to their particular work-ambitions as a pre-requisite condition for aligning properly the organizations to fulfill their public missions: a comparative study. J Am Sci 2017;13(7):63-96]. ISSN 1545-1003 (print); ISSN 2375-7264 (online). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 7. doi:10.7537/marsjas130717.07.

 

Key words: Aligning staffs to the organization ambitions, aligning staffs to their particular work-ambitions, by management conditional empowerment, by systems institutional empowerment, staff-organization interest non-consensus, staff-organization interest consensus.

Full Text

7

8

Comparative Effect of Pioglitazone and Resveratrol in Exogenous Asymmetric Dimethylarginine (ADMA) –Induced Hypertension and Cardiac dysfunction In Rats

 

Sawsan Abd El-Aziz Sadik1, Nawal El- Sayed El-Gawhary2, Mona Farag Shabana1, Amany Nasr Ahmed Nasr 1, Mohammed M. Abdellah 3

 

1Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, Egypt

2 Pharmacology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt

3 Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, Egypt

Hamada_abdellah@yahoo.com dr.amanynasr@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Background and purpose: This study investigates the effect of Pioglitazone and Resveratrol on Arterial blood pressure, cardiovascular dysfunction in Asymmetric dimethyl arginine induced hypertensive rats. Results: Systolic blood pressure was lower in pioglitazone treated and Resveratrol treated groups than in hypertensive (ADMA) group at the end of the study (mmHg, P < 0.05), Nitrite level in serum, Dimethyl arginine dimethyl aminohydrolase (DDAH) were reduced by pioglitazone and Resveratrol treatment. Finally There were significant pathological changes in the Pioglitazone and Resveratrol treated groups as compared to ADMA (the hypertensive) group; as fragmentation, vacuolations, edema, inflammatory infiltrate, fibrosis were found in all rats at minimal and mild degrees while contraction bands in 4-5 rats, cytolysis and hyalinization in only 1 rat. Conclusions:

[Sawsan Abd El-Aziz Sadik, Nawal El- Sayed El-Gawhary, Mona Farag Shabana, Amany Nasr Ahmed Nasr, ohammed M. Abdellah. Comparative Effect of Pioglitazone and Resveratrol in Exogenous Asymmetric Dimethylarginine (ADMA) –Induced Hypertension and Cardiac dysfunction In Rats. J Am Sci 2017;13(7):97-105]. ISSN 1545-1003 (print); ISSN 2375-7264 (online). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 8. doi:10.7537/marsjas130717.08.

 

Key Words: pioglitazone; Resveratrol; Asymmetric dimethyl arginine (ADMA); hypertension.

Full Text

8

9

Echocardiographic Correlation of Clips Classification to Asses Left Ventricular Function in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction

 

Abdul Ghaffar Memon, Muhammad Khan

 

Department of Cardiology, Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences, Jamshoro, Pakistan

 

Abstract: Objective: To correlate killip class with left ventricular dysfunction on echocardiography in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Study Design: Descriptive case series study. Sample technique: Non-probability consecutive. Materials and methods: 150 consecutive patients were included in this study. The present study was conducted on the newly diagnosed cases of acute myocardial infarction visiting emergency of cardiology department Liaquat University of Medical health science Hyderabad/Jamshoro, over a period of one year. Patients with prior history of acute myocardial infarction, valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathy, cardiac surgery, congenital heart disease, and patients with co-morbidities like renal failure, chronic liver disease, anemia, gastroenteritis, dehydration and chest diseases were not included in this study. Patients were classified as per killip’s classification and 2D echo was performed on patients within 24hours of admission. Findings of clinical examination (presenting killip class) were correlated with two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic findings. Results: Patients included in this study were grouped into four Killip classes separately in ST and Non ST elevation myocardial infarction. 107 (71.5%) cases were found with ST elevation MI, while NST elevation MI patients were found 43 (28.5%). In ST Elevation MI killip classes were found as: Class 1 (74.7%), Class II (14%), Class III (9%), and Class IV (8%). In Non ST elevation MI kilip classes were found as: Class I (79%), Class II (9.3%), Class III (6.9%) and Class IV (4.6%). Early mortality rate was greater in patients with both reduced ejection fraction EF 30% or < 30% and a higher Killip class. Patients with lower ejection fraction when they were in class1/11 compared with those in killip class 111/1V had increased morbidity and mortality. Mortality was more in STEMI 4.6% as compared with NSTEMI 1.1%, and in the STEMI cases mortality mostly found in class IV. Conclusion: Echocardiographic left ventricular ejection fraction obtained after an acute myocardial infarction is an affordable and readily available technique, which provides important prognostic information regarding patient’s clinical outcome along with prognosis. From our study, we conclude that Echocardiographic findings are correlated with Killip Class. Patients with higher Killip Class have lower ejection fraction, increased left ventricular size and complications.

[Abdul Ghaffar Memon, Muhammad Khan. Echocardiographic Correlation of Clips Classification to Asses Left Ventricular Function in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction. J Am Sci 2017;13(7):106-112]. ISSN 1545-1003 (print); ISSN 2375-7264 (online). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 9. doi:10.7537/marsjas130717.09.

 

Keywords: Acute Myocardial Infarction, Killip Class, Echocardiography, Ejection fraction.

Full Text

9

10

Total Antioxidant Capacity of Sapium ellipticum (Hochst) Pax Leaf Extract, and Its Antioxidant Enzymes Potential in Free-Radical Systems in vitro

 

Osasenaga Macdonald Ighodaro, Abiola Mohammad Adeosun, Basirat Adedamola Adeoye and Oluwafemi Gabriel Soetan

 

Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Lead City University, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Corresponding author: Ighodaro, O.M. Tel.: +2348023658692, Email: macigho@gmail..com

 

Abstract: The total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC) of Sapium ellipticum (SE) leaf extract was evaluated using phosphomolybdenum and ABTS.+ Models. The results obtained showed that SE extracts possesses 561.18 mg Ascorbic acid equivalent Antioxidant Capacity (AETAC) and 0.62 nmoles Trolox equivalents Antioxidant Capacity (TEAC) per gram of the extract. SE extract expressed high level of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities and moderate glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity. However, it was relatively low in both glutathione reductase (GR) and polyphenol oxidase (PPO) activities. Overall, the data of the present study suggest that SE is apparently a good source of SOD and CAT through its ability to respectively inhibit the photochemical reduction of nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) chloride and promote the decomposition of H2O2 to oxygen and water in vitro [Ighodaro OM, Adeosun AM, Adeoye BA, and Soetan OG. Total Antioxidant Capacity of Sapium ellipticum (Hochst) Pax Leaf Extract, and Its Antioxidant Enzymes Potential in Free-Radical Systems in vitro. J Am Sci 2017;13(7):113-118]. ISSN 1545-1003 (print); ISSN 2375-7264 (online). http://www.jofamericanscience.org. 10. doi:10.7537/marsjas130717.10.

 

Key words: Sapium ellipticum; Antioxidant; Free radicals; In vitro; Wistar rats

Full Text

10

 The manuscripts in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review, starting from June 23, 2017. 

 All comments are welcome: editor@americanscience.org; americansciencej@gmail.com, or contact with author(s) directly.

For back issues of the Journal of American Science, click here.

Emails: editor@americanscience.org; americansciencej@gmail.com

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

 

Marsland Press: http://www.sciencepub.net

 

2017 Marsland Press

 

Terms of Service  |  Privacy Policy  |

2017 Marsland Press